Mechanisms of Low Levels of Apolipoprotein B
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005565|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : July 29, 2016
|Condition or disease|
|Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypobetalipoproteinemia|
Elevated apoB levels are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Hypobetalipoproteinemia (HBLP) is characterized by apoB levels less than the 5 percentile. Dr. Welty, the principal investigator, sequenced mutations for truncated forms of apoB-67, apoB-55 and apoB-44.4 which causes HBLP, described a kindred from the Framingham Heart Study with HBLP due to an unidentified apoB gene mutation and purified apoB-67 containing lipoprotein particles. Heterozygous apoB-67 subjects have one normal allele making apoB-100; therefore, apoB levels would be predicted to be at least 50 percent of normal; however, they are 24 percent of normal. Dr. Welty has shown that these lower than expected levels result from decreased production of VLDL apoB-100, LDL apoB-100 and apoB-67, increased catabolism of VLDL apoB-100, and increased direct removal of apoB-67 from VLDL.
The first aim is to locate the apoB gene mutation in the Framingham kindred. The second aim is to perform stable isotope studies in the apoB-55 and apoB-44.4 kindreds to determine if apoB metabolism for these shorter truncations is similar to that for apoB-67. In aim three, apoB-100 synthesis is studied in heterozygous apoB-70 transgenic mice. If it is 25-25 percent of normal litter mates, the mechanism for this reduction in apoB-100 levels will be studied in hepatocytes isolated from the transgenic mice. In specific aim 4, size and composition of VLDL are compared in apoB-67 subjects and controls to determine if larger size or compositional changes account for the faster catabolism of VLDL apoB-100. The study has been extended through June 2007.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Study Start Date :||August 1997|
|Primary Completion Date :||June 2002|
|Study Completion Date :||June 2002|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005565
|OverallOfficial:||Francine Welty||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|