Diet, Insulin Resistance, and Cardiovascular Risk

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005530
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : May 11, 2016
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:
To elucidate dietary factors that elevate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in conjunction with insulin resistance.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Insulin Resistance Hyperinsulinism Diabetes Mellitus, Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Detailed Description:


Clinical studies indicate that high carbohydrate intake may exacerbate the dyslipidemia often seen with insulin resistance. Consequently, there is much debate as to the optimal dietary pattern for individuals with NIDDM to minimize risk for microvascular disease. Data on this topic from free-living populations are scarce. In addition, associations of dietary antioxidants with CVD risk have not been evaluated in large community samples of persons with diabetes.


Potential dietary determinants of hyperinsulinemia or of insulin resistance were evaluated, including high intake of dietary fats and of simple sugars and low alcohol consumption. As a major focus, dietary factors that may contribute to elevated CVD risk among persons with existing insulin resistance, including impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) were examined. Five datasets from epidemiologic studies were available to evaluate specific hypotheses for men and women of Black, Hispanic and non-Hispanic white ethnicity. The unique contributions of each dataset were as follows. The San Luis Valley Diabetes Study and the San Antonio Heart Study enabled prospective analyses for large numbers of subjects with IGT or NIDDM; the Mexico City Study provided a sample with contrasting dietary patterns in a non-white population; the Kaiser Permanente Women Twins Study allowed for the removal of genetic influences by evaluating associations within monozygotic twin pairs; and the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) provided direct measurement of insulin sensitivity and subclinical atherosclerosis across the spectrum of glucose tolerance in three ethnic groups.

An understanding of the accuracy of the dietary assessment instruments used in the three ethnic groups was critical to the interpretation of the findings related to diet and CVD risk variables. Therefore, a second component of research was also conducted, that being an evaluation of the comparative validity of the food frequency interview used in the multi- cultural IRAS population using a series of 24-hour dietary recalls as the standard.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : May 1994
Study Completion Date : April 2000

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005530

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of South Carolina
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Elizabeth Mayer-Davis University of South Carolina