Sleep Apnea in Elderly Male Twins

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005525
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To conduct a genetic analysis of anatomic risk factors for sleep apnea in a well-characterized United States population-based registry of elderly male twins who have been successfully followed for the past 30 years.

Condition or disease
Lung Diseases Sleep Apnea Syndromes Obesity

Detailed Description:


The contribution of genetic factors to sleep disorders has been demonstrated in twin and family studies, and further understanding of the genetic underpinning of sleep disorders is considered an important area of research. Many of the suggested risk factors for sleep apnea (e.g.,craniofacial morphology, obesity) have genetic determinants. However, a formal genetic analysis of these anatomical risk factors with sleep-recorded physiological measurements has not so far been conducted.


The investigators recruited a subsample of pairs from the NAS-NRC World War II Twin Registry in which at least one of the twin brothers reported sleep apnea symptoms and a subsample of control pairs in which both twins reported no symptoms. They monitoring the subgroup of twin pairs with overnight sleep recording. They also collected anthropometric measurements of weight, height, neck circumference, and craniofacial morphology and blood samples for determination of zygosity and DNA extraction for future molecular studies.

The twin design is most powerful for estimating the genetic and/or environmental overlap between physiological measurements such as sleep-recorded disordered breathing, obesity, and craniofacial morphology. The investigators chose to focus on an elderly male twin sample for which a wealth of data relevant to this study had been previously collected. Twin pair concordance or discordance for monitored sleep-disordered breathing allowed the full characterization of genetic/familial and individual environmental factors associated with the expression and severity of this condition.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : August 1998
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sleep Apnea

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005525

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Dorit Carmelli SRI International