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Observational Aspirin Use and CVD in the Physicians' Health Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005493
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To analyze existing data from the Physicians Health Study (PHS), a randomized primary prevention trial of low-dose aspirin and beta carotene conducted among 22,071 U.S. male physicians, to address questions concerning aspirin and cardiovascular (CV) disease that could not adequately be addressed during the randomized aspirin period.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Infarction Cerebrovascular Accident

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: April 1998
Study Completion Date: March 2001
Detailed Description:

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The aspirin component of the trial was terminated on January 25, 1988, due to a demonstrated benefit of aspirin on myocardial infarction. At that time, however, the number of strokes and CV deaths experienced by trial participants was inadequate to definitively evaluate these endpoints. The beta carotene component of the trial continued uninterrupted until its scheduled termination in December, 1996. During this period detailed information continued to be collected on post-trial aspirin use through annual questionnaires. As of October, 1995, the number of deaths, including cardiovascular deaths, had increased fourfold from that in the randomized period, and the number of strokes had increased 3.5 times. The investigators used data from both the randomized aspirin period and the observational period following the trial to assess the impact of aspirin use on cardiovascular and total mortality, and the long-term impact of aspirin use on subsequent stroke and MI. The methods included analyses of both randomized aspirin assignment and of time-varying aspirin use, as assessed on the annual questionnaires. Because of the potential for bias, the propensity for aspirin use, particularly during the observational period was taken into account. Analyses included use of proportional hazards models allowing for both time-varying effects of aspirin use and controlling for time-varying confounders, as well as more complex procedures using causal modeling.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005493


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Nancy Cook Brigham and Women's Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5010
R03HL058476 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: August 2004

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infarction
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Stroke
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases