Job Strain, Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Hypertension

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005472
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To analyze the association between an objective measure of "job strain" and risk of stroke, and change in ambulatory blood pressure.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Cerebrovascular Accident Hypertension Heart Diseases

Detailed Description:


Cardiovascular disease accounts for 43 percent of all deaths in the United States. Hypertension affects as many as 50 million Americans, however the causes of essential hypertension are not well known. A new CVD risk factor ("job strain") has emerged as a potential major cause of essential hypertension. By 1995, over 20 studies had found significant positive relationships between "job strain" and CVD, coronary heart disease, all-cause mortality or hypertension. "Job strain" is defined as high psychological workload demands combined with low"decision latitude". An expanded concept of "job strain" which included low workplace social support ("iso-strain") was developed and examined in the study.

Important questions remained to be answered about "job strain", CVD and hypertension. In most studies, "job strain" was only measured at one point in time, while, in fact, cumulative exposure to "job strain" was believed to be the risk factor. In addition, most studies relied on self-report measures of "job strain". Also, no studies specifically examined risk of stroke and "job strain".


Data from the Cornell University cohort study of Psychosocial Factors and Cardiovascular Disease and the Columbia University-Northern Manhattan Stroke Study were analyzed. The study had five specific aims, including to determine whether: blood pressure levels were associated with cumulative exposure to "job strain"; differences in blood pressure increases were associated with an objective measure of "job strain"; increased risk of stroke was associated with an objective measure of "job strain"; changes in psychological variables over time were associated with job characteristics; changes in CVD risk factors (other than hypertension) were associated with job characteristics.

Paul Landsbergis also constructed measures of cumulative exposure to "job strain" and determined their association with blood pressure, and analyzed the association between job characteristics and change in psychological variables and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : September 1996
Actual Study Completion Date : August 1998

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005472

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Paul Landsbergis Weill Medical College of Cornell University