Opioid Compromise in Hypertension--Modulating Factors
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005434|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
|Condition or disease|
|Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension|
Opioids exert depressor effects on cardiovascular responses through sympathetic nervous system inhibition. Research suggests that opioid inhibition of sympathetic activity may be compromised in hypertension. Preliminary studies by the Principal Investigator suggest that the nature of this compromise may be influenced by age and race. Additionally, literature suggests that hypertension chronicity may modulate opioid sympathoinhibitory actions. The receptor mechanisms mediating the observed modulating effects of age, race, and hypertension chronicity on opioidergic inhibition and regulation of blood pressure remained to be determined.
Two double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of naltrexone hydrochloride, an oral opiate antagonist, on adrenergically-mediated cardiovascular responses in older and younger, Black and White normotensives and hypertensives with varying lengths of hypertension duration. Cardiovascular and opioid responses were measured in response to a stressor combined with either placebo or naltrexone pretreatment. Results from these studies assisted in (a) elucidating opioidergic mechanisms underlying the increased rates of hypertension morbidity and mortality among Blacks and the elderly, and (b) ultimately optimized the design of pharmacological interventions for the prevention and treatment of hypertension.
The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Study Start Date :||April 1992|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 1997|