Cohort Study of Respiratory Illness in Early Childhood

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005427
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2016
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of New Mexico

Brief Summary:
To analyze previously collected data on respiratory illness in early childhood.

Condition or disease
Lung Diseases

Detailed Description:


The study built on a previous study funded by the Health Effects Institute, a non-profit foundation jointly supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and vehicle manufacturers. The previous study was a prospective cohort study of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and respiratory symptoms and illnesses during the first 18 months of life. Between January, 1988 and June, 1990, 1,315 infants were enrolled and then followed with collection of daily respiratory symptom data and serial monitoring of NO2 concentrations in their homes. The full protocol was completed by 823 subjects and a total follow-up experience of over one-half million days was accumulated. Follow-up ended in December, 1991 and analyses related to the study's principal focus, the health effects of NO2, was completed during the fall of 1992.


The analyses were directed at the following: 1) Time spent in day-care and the incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses; 2) Breast-feeding and the incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses during the first six months of life; 3) Determinants of wheezing and wheezing illnesses; 4) Determinants of a physician-diagnosis of asthma; 5) Exposure to woodsmoke and incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses; 6) Household demographics, including ethnicity, and incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses; 7) Determinants of the duration of respiratory illnesses; 8) The validity of retrospective parental reports of respiratory illness; 9) Parental perceptions of the risks of indoor and outdoor air pollution; 10) Clinical findings on assessment of ill children in the community.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : March 1993
Study Completion Date : February 1995

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria