Epidemiology of Cardiotoxicity in Children With Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005418
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To provide a comprehensive analysis of risk factors for the development of clinical cardiotoxicities in over 6,000 children with cancer who had been treated on standardized protocols involving the use of anthracyclines alone or in combination with other potentially cardiotoxic therapies or with no use of anthracycline therapy.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Heart Failure, Congestive Death, Sudden, Cardiac Heart Failure

Detailed Description:


The data were analyzed to estimate the incidence of clinical cardiotoxicity as measured by sudden death, congestive heart failure, or discontinuation of therapy based on cardiac function. Evaluation of patient characteristics (age, anemia) and treatment factors such as drug, dose level, dosing schedule, exposure to irradiation and/or cyclophosphamide identified groups at particularly high risk for development of clinical cardiotoxicity and provided estimates of this risk for future treatment planning. Such estimates of high risk groups should make possible future trials to test the feasibility of using cardioprotectors or alternate dosing schedules to prevent cardiotoxicity. The incidence of clinical cardiotoxicity was calculated using Kaplan- Meier estimates as a function of total cumulative anthracycline dose and also as a function of the time since the end of treatment stratified by dose levels. The estimates were stratified by exposure to cyclophosphamide and radiation therapy. Multivariate methods were used to evaluate the prognostic significance of selected patient characteristics and treatment parameters and to provide estimates of the relative risk of each variable. The method of recursive partitioning was used to identify subpopulations at elevated risk for clinical cardiotoxicity. The data and analytic techniques were accessible through SAS data sets and procedures available to the study at the Pediatric Oncology Group (POG) Statistical Office.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : April 1992
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1994

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005418     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4336
R03HL048020 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: September 2001

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Death, Sudden
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Pathologic Processes
Heart Arrest