Longitudinal Studies of Blood Pressure in the Elderly

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005409
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To study further the association between blood pressure mortality among those who participated in both the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP) screen and the East Boston Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies in the Elderly (EPESE) study.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension

Detailed Description:


In middle-age, level of blood pressure (BP) is a strong and independent predictor of both total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. However, among the elderly, recent short-term observational studies, including the East Boston Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies in the Elderly (EPESE), have raised the possibility of a J-shaped curve. In a study of short-term mortality, low blood pressures were positively associated with total and cardiovascular disease mortality. However, a further analysis confined to the 2079 (68 percent) of this cohort who were also screened nine years previously for the Hypertension Detection and Follow-Up Program showed the more conventional positive linear relationship between systolic blood pressure, and no association between diastolic blood pressure and mortality. The observations of higher short-term total and cardiovascular disease mortality at lower blood pressure levels among the elderly could have reflected a particular susceptibility to deleterious consequences of drug therapy for high blood pressure. Alternatively, such a finding might have been artifactual, due to survival bias or confounding by co-morbid conditions.


Linking data from the HDFP and the EPESE studies, the investigators examined change in blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use, and mortality over a 15-year period. With regard to the association between lower blood pressure and increased mortality, they determined whether the relationship previously observed reflected a fall from normotensive levels as opposed to a consistently low blood pressure. With regard to the upper end of the mortality curve, they assessed the effect of antihypertensive drug treatment on mortality as compared to those with untreated hypertension. The latter question had particular public health significance because questions remained about the risk-to-benefit ratio of antihypertensive drug treatment in this age group. Furthermore, they also described changes in blood pressure in this population and medication usage patterns over time and correlated type of medication and mortality.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : May 1991
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1993

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria