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Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Blood Pressure Regulation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005366
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To investigate the role of biobehavioral factors in the pathogenesis of concentric left ventricular hypertrophy.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1993
Study Completion Date: August 1998
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Hypertension is more prevalent in Black than white men, and is more prevalent in men than women. Furthermore, even controlling for blood pressure, concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, an early structural adaptation of hypertension, is more prevalent in Black than white men, and more prevalent in men than women. Concentric left ventricular hypertrophy is the strongest predictor, other than age, of the cardiovascular morbidity associated with high blood pressure.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

In a biracial sample, concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and concentric remodelling were assessed by echocardiographic measures of left ventricular mass and relative wall thickness. Laboratory procedures were used to: (i) assess hemodynamic and neurohumoral responses during exposure to a diverse battery of physical and psychological stressors, and; (ii) evaluate alpha and beta adrenergic receptor responsiveness, baroreceptor reflex gain and minimal forearm vascular resistance. Since blood pressure during a typical workday was an established predictor of left ventricular hypertrophy, it was also assessed. A new biobehavioral model was tested that implicated the hemodynamic pattern of behaviorally-evoked pressor responses in the pathogenesis of concentric left ventricular hypertrophy. One prediction of this model was that a predisposition to exhibit increased vascular resistance during stress (characteristic of black men) would favor the development of concentric hypertrophy. Thus, systemic vascular resistance responses, evaluated in the laboratory, were hypothesized to independently predict left ventricular mass and relative wall thickness, even after controlling for established risk factors, including workday blood pressure. Sympathetic nervous system function was examined to test hypothesized mechanisms responsible for race and gender differences in the hemodynamic patterns of blood pressure regulation. The results of these studies emphasized the importance of race and gender in prescribing pharmacological and/or behavioral treatment for hypertensive heart disease.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 39 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005366     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4253
R01HL049427 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
Last Verified: April 2001

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases