Adipose Distribution and Atherosclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005348
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To relate distribution of adipose tissue measured by a then new imaging technique, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and to more conventional measures of fat distribution such as body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio. The primary hypothesis was that patients with extracranial carotid atherosclerosis (cases) had more intra-abdominal fat and a higher ratio of intra-abdominal fat to total or subcutaneous fat than age-sex-race matched controls.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Carotid Stenosis

Detailed Description:


The study was ancillary to an NIH funded population-based project, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) that is ongoing in Forsyth County, North Carolina.


Using MRI, the investigators sought to demonstrate strong relationships between intra-abdominal fat and a number of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including history of hypertension, diabetes, cigarette smoking, family history of cardiovascular disease, plasma concentrations of triglyceride, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, HDL2 cholesterol, apo A1, Apo B, postprandial lipid response to a fat rich meal, glucose, insulin, sex hormone binding globulin, and total and free testosterone. Certain other risk factors were less certain to show a relation to intra-abdominal fat as measured by MRI, including various hemostatic factors, as well as certain dietary factors such as consumption of alcohol, dietary fat, and cholesterol, but this research afforded an opportunity to explore these relationships. Finally, the investigators proposed to relate intra-abdominal fat to more conventional measures of fat distribution (waist/hip ratio, subscapular skinfold thickness, etc.) in an attempt to identify strong correlates of intra-abdominal fat that could be more easily measured.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) recor

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : April 1991
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1993

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Atherosclerosis
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005348     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4217
R01HL046208 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
Last Verified: April 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Carotid Stenosis
Carotid Artery Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases