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Mediators of Social Support in Coronary Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005344
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To determine prospectively the extent to which structural and functional aspects of social support influences 'hard' cardiac events such as death and non-fatal myocardial infarction in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to identify the behavioral and biological mediators of these influences.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Infarction Depression

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: May 1992
Study Completion Date: April 1998
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Besides extending our understanding of the mechanisms of social support effects on health, the findings of this project helped in the design and development of more effective and efficient approaches to secondary prevention in coronary artery disease.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Social support was assessed in a large consecutive cohort of coronary disease patients referred for diagnostic catheterization (Group A) and in a subgroup of medically treated patients (Group B) with severe coronary artery disease and/or poor left ventricular function with an expected two year 'hard' cardiac event rate (death or nonfatal myocardial infarction) of 25 percent or more. A brief baseline questionnaire assessment of structural and functional aspects of social support as well as other aspects of quality of life was obtained on all coronary artery disease patients without prior revascularization who were referred to the Duke University Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory over a three year period (Group A). Detailed questionnaire and interview assessment of perceived and received social support and psychological traits, that is hostility, was obtained on a high risk subgroup (Group B) and a randomly selected 10 percent subgroup of other Group A patients. Potential behavioral mediators (including smoking behavior, physical activity, medical care utilization) and biological mediators,(including vagal tone, ambulatory ischemic burden) of the social support effects on outcomes were measured in Group B patients and the random subset of Group A. Group A patients were followed by mailed questionnaire at three months and one year and then annually. Group B and the random subset of Group A returned for a one month clinic visit. At that time, repeat social support interviews were administered and patients were sent home with a 48 hour ambulatory ECG monitor to allow measurement of total ischemic burden and heart rate variability (vagal tone).

Group B patients and the random subset of Group A were then followed by telephone interview at one year and then annually. In addition, these patients had brief bimonthly telephone contacts to assess interval changes in social support as well as levels of environmental stress and mood states including depression and anger. All patients were followed for up to three years. Outcome events, including death and myocardial infarction, were ascertained at each point in follow-up. Multivariable analyses using the spline proportional hazards regression model tested the prognostic importance of the social support and psychological measures on outcome and evaluated the role of biological and behavioral variables as mediators, controlling for baseline disease severity.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005344


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Daniel Mark Duke University
  More Information

Publications:

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005344     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4209
R01HL045702 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
Last Verified: August 2004

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infarction
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases