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Hostility and Coronary Risk--Role of Weak Vagal Function

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: February 17, 2016
Last verified: March 2005
To determine whether deficient vagal antagonism of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) actions on the heart contributed to increased coronary heart disease risk in hostile persons.

Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Ischemia

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: April 1991
Study Completion Date: March 1995
Detailed Description:


Sophisticated electrophysiologic monitoring approaches were used to: 1) show greater sensitivity in nonhostile young men to T-wave attenuation effects of isoproterenol infusion following vagal blockade; 2) show that vagal enhancement reduced and shortened the T-wave attenuation effects of isoproterenol infusion more in hostile young men; 3) evaluate these effects of vagal blockage and enhancement in middle-aged men and in young and middle-aged women; and 4) relate the T-wave effects in these studies to other measures of vagal tone and other biobehavioral mechanisms of coronary-prone behavior.

Four studies were conducted in normal young and middle-aged men and women selected as high and low on hostility, evaluating vagal tone measures and effects of isoproterenol infusion on EKG T-wave and ST response after pretreatment with saline, neostigmine, and atropine. Demonstration that hostility was associated with deficient vagal anatagonism of SNS effects on the heart, especially in middle-aged as compared to younger persons, suggested that diminished vagal tone was one pathway whereby high hostility contributed to increased CHD risk. Clinical studies were then conducted to determine whether weaker vagal tone predicted increased myocardial ischemia and/or poorer outcomes in coronary heart disease patients.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00005337

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Redford Williams Duke University