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Epidemiology of Airway Responsiveness

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005284
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To prospectively identify factors that influence the rate of decline in pulmonary function and to identify predictors of chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) and asthma in a population sample of older adults.

Condition
Asthma Lung Diseases, Obstructive Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: January 1985
Study Completion Date: March 2002
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Cigarette smoking is recognized as the most important factor in the development of chronic airflow obstruction, yet only a minority of cigarette smokers develop clinical disease. In 1985, interest focused on the role of increased levels of airways responsiveness and atopy as possible potentiating factors for the development of chronic airflow obstruction. Then current epidemiologic studies had data on only one of these potential risk factors or were too small to adequately address the issues involved. The present study assesses both airways responsiveness and atopy.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study used the population and data base of the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study (NAS) which began in 1963. The NAS population consists of over 1,900 men originally selected for good health and their wives. The NAS currently administers a cigarette smoking history questionnaire, the NHLBI-ATS respiratory symptom and illness questionnaire, and spirometry at regularly scheduled examinations three years apart. The current study assessed airways responsiveness as measured by response to methacholine inhalation and atopy as measured by skin test, blood eosinophilia, and serum IgE in NAS participants when they returned for their next two examinations. The data were used to examine the relationship of airways responsiveness, atopy, and cigarette smoking to respiratory symptoms both cross-sectionally and longitudinally.

The study was renewed in 1996 to prospectively identify factors that influence the rate of decline in pulmonary function and to identify predictors of chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) and asthma in a population sample of older adults. The investigators hypothesize that the development of accelerated decline in FEV1 and the occurrence of respiratory symptoms in older adults are determined by two environmental exposures: tobacco smoke-induced injury and IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to inhaled aeroallergens. The extent to which allergen exposure and airway responsiveness lead to fixed airflow obstruction in older adults is unknown. The primary allergens of interest include: house dust mite (Der p I, Der fI), cockroach (Bla g I, Bla g II), cat (Fel d I), and fungi. Airway hyperresponsiveness to bronchoconstricting stimuli is a physiologic characteristic that may be thought of both as a manifestation of airway disease and as an intrinsic host characteristic which predisposes to the development of airway disease and determines its clinical pattern. They are using the extensive longitudinal information on respiratory symptoms and illnesses, cigarette smoking, pulmonary function, airway responsiveness, indices of atopy (skin test, total and antigen-specific IgE), indices of inflammation (eosinophil and leukocyte counts in peripheral blood), and allergen levels in dust and air in NAS participants and their wives to address the following hypotheses: that the association of increased airway responsiveness with accelerated longitudinal decline in pulmonary function is modified by gender, smoking, level of FEV1, and skin test reactivity;. that the level of exposure to common indoor allergens affects the rate of longitudinal decline of pulmonary function; that high levels of exposure to common indoor allergens leads to longitudinal increases in airway responsiveness over time; and that settled dust levels of fungi (culturable and countable organisms) and antigens, cockroach (Bla g l, Bla g II], and cat (Fel d I) are correlated with airborne levels of these agents.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005284


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Scott Weiss Brigham and Women's Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Shadick NA, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, DeMolles D, Weiss ST. Relationship of serum IgE concentration to level and rate of decline of pulmonary function: the Normative Aging Study. Thorax. 1996 Aug;51(8):787-92.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Weiss ST, DeMolles D, Ingram RH Jr. Volume history effects and airway responsiveness in middle-aged and older men. The Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Mar;155(3):888-92.
Gottlieb DJ, Stone PJ, Sparrow D, Gale ME, Weiss ST, Snider GL, O'Connor GT. Urinary desmosine excretion in smokers with and without rapid decline of lung function: the Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Nov;154(5):1290-5.
Sparrow D, O'Connor G, Weiss ST. The relation of airways responsiveness and atopy to the development of chronic obstructive lung disease. Epidemiol Rev. 1988;10:29-47. Review.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. The role of allergy and nonspecific airway hyperresponsiveness in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Jul;140(1):225-52. Review.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Segal MR, Weiss ST. Smoking, atopy, and methacholine airway responsiveness among middle-aged and elderly men. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Dec;140(6):1520-6.
Parker DR, O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Segal MR, Weiss ST. The relationship of nonspecific airway responsiveness and atopy to the rate of decline of lung function. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Mar;141(3):589-94.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Young JB, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Relationship of urinary serotonin excretion to cigarette smoking and respiratory symptoms. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1992 Apr;101(4):976-80.
Schwartz J, Weiss ST. Caffeine intake and asthma symptoms. Ann Epidemiol. 1992 Sep;2(5):627-35.
Schwartz J, Weiss ST. Host and environmental factors influencing the peripheral blood leukocyte count. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Dec 15;134(12):1402-9.
Tollerud DJ, O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. Asthma, hay fever, and phlegm production associated with distinct patterns of allergy skin test reactivity, eosinophilia, and serum IgE levels. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Oct;144(4):776-81.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Methacholine airway responsiveness and 24-hour urine excretion of sodium and potassium. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Sep;144(3 Pt 1):722-5.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, Segal MR, Weiss ST. The influence of age and level of pulmonary function on nonspecific airway responsiveness. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 May;143(5 Pt 1):978-82.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. A prospective longitudinal study of methacholine airway responsiveness as a predictor of pulmonary-function decline: the Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jul;152(1):87-92.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. Normal range of methacholine responsiveness in relation to prechallenge pulmonary function. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1994 Mar;105(3):661-6.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Predictors of longitudinal change in methacholine airway responsiveness among middle-aged and older men: the Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Feb;149(2 Pt 1):376-81.
Schwartz J, Weiss ST. Peripheral blood leukocyte count and respiratory symptoms. Ann Epidemiol. 1993 Jan;3(1):57-63.
Weiss ST, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT. The interrelationship among allergy, airways responsiveness, and asthma. J Asthma. 1993;30(5):329-49. Review.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, DeMolles D, Weiss ST. A longitudinal study of plasma cortisol concentration and pulmonary function decline in men. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Jun;147(6 Pt 1):1345-8.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Segal M, Weiss ST. Risk factors for ventilatory impairment among middle-aged and elderly men. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1993 Feb;103(2):376-82.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Basner RC, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Predictors of the new onset of wheezing among middle-aged and older men. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Feb;147(2):367-71.
Litonjua AA, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. The FEF25-75/FVC ratio is associated with methacholine airway responsiveness. The normative aging study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 May;159(5 Pt 1):1574-9.
Weiss ST, O'Connor GT, DeMolles D, Platts-Mills T, Sparrow D. Indoor allergens and longitudinal FEV1 decline in older adults: the Normative Aging Study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998 Jun;101(6 Pt 1):720-5.
Litonjua AA, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, O'Connor GT, Long AA, Ohman JL Jr. Sensitization to cat allergen is associated with asthma in older men and predicts new-onset airway hyperresponsiveness. The Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jul;156(1):23-7.
Gottlieb DJ, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Weiss ST. Skin test reactivity to common aeroallergens and decline of lung function. The Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Feb;153(2):561-6.
Annema JT, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rijcken B, Koëter GH, Postma DS, Weiss ST. Chronic respiratory symptoms and airway responsiveness to methacholine are associated with eosinophilia in older men: the Normative Aging Study. Eur Respir J. 1995 Jan;8(1):62-9.
Weintraub JM, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis of cutaneous skin test reactions to predict hay fever and asthma symptoms in the Normative Aging Study. Allergy. 2001 Mar;56(3):243-6.
Litonjua AA, Sparrow D, Guevarra L, O'Connor GT, Weiss ST, Tollerud DJ. Serum interferon-gamma is associated with longitudinal decline in lung function among asthmatic patients: the Normative Aging Study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Apr;90(4):422-8.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005284     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005
R01HL034645 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: August 2004

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases


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