Ischemic Heart Disease Incidence and Indices of Body-fat Distribution

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005255
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To determine the association between ischemic heart disease incidence and anthropometric indices of body-fat distribution.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Ischemia Obesity

Detailed Description:


Previous studies have demonstrated that abdominal obesity can be predictive of ischemic heart disease. These prospective cohort studies employed simple indices of body-fat distribution such as waist-to-hip circumference ratio or subscapular skinfold. Their similar results suggested that increased abdominal obesity conferred a two-fold increased risk of ischemic heart disease among middle-aged men. The two proposed studies permitted testing of alternative fat-distribution indices which might be stronger risk factors for ischemic heart disease incidence than the waist-to-hip-ratio or the subscapular skinfold.


Two parallel case-control studies were conducted. In both studies, subjects were measured for girth, skinfold, abdominal sagittal diameter, height, and weight. Analyses for both protocols considered men and women separately. Possible confounders of the association between fat-distribution indices and ischemic heart disease were considered and if required, adjusted for in multivariate analyses. Possible confounders included race, age, tobacco use, alcohol use, diabetes, social class, hypertension, cholesterol levels, and physical activity levels.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : May 1990
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1995

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Diseases
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria