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Predicting Physical Activity Change: an Epidemiologic Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005219
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Sponsor:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
To conduct a two-year follow up of participants in a cross-sectional study of physical activity determinants. Predictors of change in vigorous exercise habits and recreational walking habits were identified as were determinants of change in the proportion of the sample who initiated, maintained, or discontinued exercise.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

In 1988 when the study began, epidemiological studies had shown the health benefits of physical activity and that prevalence of physical activity was well below recommended levels. Exercise-promotion interventions were typically ineffective, and lack of knowledge of exercise determinants inhibited the design of effective interventions.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Data from the San Diego Health and Exercise Baseline survey conducted in 1986 were used to contact participants for the follow-up. The difference in reported activity level from time 1 to time 2 served as an estimate of change in activity. The follow-up survey elicited a two-year history of vigorous exercise and moderate-intensity exercise, both of which have substantial health benefits, as well as different determinants. Potential predictors were assessed at baseline and included demographic variables and indices based on social learning theory. Multiple regression analyses determine the combined and independent relationships of such variables as self-efficacy, social support, perceived barriers and benefits and environmental factors on both types of physical activity change. A second analysis separated subjects into the baseline physical activity groups of low, intermediate, and high activity and examined prediction of change versus no-change in each category.


Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : April 1988
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1990
Groups and Cohorts


Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria