This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Sex Steroids, Obesity and Lipids in Adolescent Females

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: February 26, 2016
Last verified: June 2000
To prospectively explore the relationships of endogenous sex steroid hormones and obesity and their interactions with lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein levels in nine and ten year old Black and white adolescent girls for five years during puberty.

Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Obesity Hypercholesterolemia

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1987
Study Completion Date: September 1992
Detailed Description:


In 1987, there was growing evidence that androgens, particularly when elevated, had an unfavorable effect on lipo/apo levels, tending to lower HDL cholesterol (HDLC) and raise LDL cholesterol (LDLC). Previous studies confirmed that although pre-pubertal boys and girls had similar lipo/apo levels, post-pubertal boys had a higher ratio of LDLC/HDLC than girls, in part because of their androgen levels. Such lipo/apo levels had been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. There was also evidence that obese girls tended to be hyperandrogenic and thus had unfavorable lipo/apo levels and a higher risk of coronary heart disease. This study sought to elucidate whether high androgen levels preceded or were a consequence of obesity.


The longitudinal study was ancillary to the National Growth and Health Study (NGHS), a multicenter study which investigated the occurrence of obesity in Black and white adolescent girls, predictors of the transition to the obese state, the correlates of the transition, and the relationship of the transition to other coronary heart disease risk factors. As part of the NGHS, participants from the Cincinnati, Ohio and Washington, D.C. public and parochial schools received physical examinations with attention to pubertal staging and anthropometric measurements including weight, height, and skinfold thickness. Along with NGHS blood samples, additional blood was obtained in years 1, 3, and 5 for measurements of lipids, lipoprotein cholesterols, apolipoproteins A1, A2, and B, and sex steroid hormones including plasma total and free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, estradiol, and testosterone estrogen binding globulin.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005210     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1089
R01HL038170 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: February 26, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases processed this record on August 17, 2017