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Immunogenetic Factors of Coronary Heart Disease

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: May 12, 2016
Last verified: May 2000
To assess the association of immunogenetic factors with onset of coronary heart disease and the interrelationship of these factors with standard coronary heart disease risk factors.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: December 1985
Study Completion Date: November 1989
Detailed Description:


Although the familial clustering of coronary heart disease has been well documented, it is unclear as to whether the familial clustering can be explained by shared environmental factors by members of a family or by clustering of risk factors having a genetic component such as blood pressure, familial hyperlipidemia and/or diabetes. Studies indicate that a family history of coronary disease may be an independent risk factor. Major histocompatibility complex genetic markers to identify individuals at risk within a family may be useful. In 1985 when the study began, there was a paucity of data dealing with the interrelationship of family history, genetic markers, immunological markers, and traditional risk factors.


In this case-control study, the study population consisted of incident cases who presented to the Georgia Heart Clinic in La Grange, Georgia with coronary heart disease. The majority of the subjects were from three counties in mideastern Alabama and from counties in midwestern Georgia. All subjects had undergone diagnostic coronary angiography. A determination was made in patients and controls of the association of major histocompatibility complex genetic markers HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR, C4 and BF, C3, the restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP's) flanking the apolipoprotein AI and insulin genes, presence of autoantibodies, and family history of coronary disease, diabetes, or hypothyroidism. The frequency of these variables was compared with the standard coronary risk factors of family history, hypertension, lipid abnormalities, lifestyle, Type A behavior, obesity and with diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism. An analysis was made of the strength of these variables for predicting those individuals at risk and whether there were variables which predict severity of disease based on 1, 2, or 3 vessel involvement.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
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  More Information

Go R, Acton R, Roseman J, Barger B, Perkins L, Vanichanan T, Moore P, Brand J, Gore T, Brennan J, Cousins L, Copeland R: Immunogenetic Risk Factors for Premature Coronary Artery Disease in Southeastern USA Population. Genome, 30:34, 1988
Acton R, Bamberg R, Go R, Roseman J: Utilization of Genetic and Other Laboratory Test Results to Predict and Reduce the Risk of Disease. In: Proceedings of the Society of Prospective Medicine, 1988. 1988.
Bamberg R, Copeland R, Barger B, Roseman J, Go R, Vanichanan C, Brand J, Moore P, Acton R: Genetic Risk Information as an Impetus to Health Related Behavioral Change. In: Proceedings of the Society of Prospective Medicine, 1988. 1988. Identifier: NCT00005184     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1062
R01HL033959 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: May 12, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Thyroid Diseases processed this record on April 21, 2017