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Insulin Resistance and Blood Pressure Regulation in Blacks

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005164
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To determine the role of insulin resistance in peripheral vascular dynamics, sodium sensitivity, and blood pressure regulation in a young representative Black population and in a group of young Blacks at high risk for hypertension.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Hypertension Heart Diseases Insulin Resistance

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1983
Study Completion Date: August 1991
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated a greater prevalence of essential hypertension in Blacks with a disproportionately greater hypertension related mortality in Blacks. Similar vascular consequences occur with diabetes and obesity. These three diseases not only share a common outcome, but also overlap in occurrence with Blacks having greater prevalence rates in the three disorders. Insulin resistance has been documented in all three disorders and may contribute significantly to the vascular disease.

This project originated in response to a Request for Applications on Biobehavioral Factors Affecting Hypertension in Blacks issued in December 1982. The original project was supported by the RFA for three years. The first three years of the study focussed on the hypothesis that sodium loading would augment cardiovascular responses of psychogenic stress in Blacks at high risk for hypertension. The first phase of the study examined and compared 80 Blacks and whites, 18-22 years of age. The second phase involved an additional 40 Black borderline hypertensives who were exposed to the same set of studies designed to examine possible interactions between neurogenic and renal controlled volume mechanisms in essential hypertension.

The project was renewed as a regular research grant in 1986 and was designed to investigated biobehavioral factors in blood pressure control. In 1988, the study on insulin resistance was funded and continued through 1990.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Subjects in this project consisted of Blacks who were enrolled in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) at birth and who had been studied longitudinally in adolescence and young adulthood. Each subject brought to the study data on blood pressure, growth, and maturation from birth through late adolescence.

Peripheral vascular structure was studied using measures of forearm blood flow and forearm vascular resistance. Measurements of peripheral vascular structure were compared to data on sodium sensitivity and potassium sensitivity in the population. Insulin resistance was studied using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique. Variations in the activity of the sodium-potassium pump and sodium-hydrogen exchange in red cells were correlated with insulin resistance to determine if hyperinsulinemia alters cation transport rates.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
Canessa M, Spalvins A, Adragna N, Falkner B. Red cell sodium countertransport and cotransport in normotensive and hypertensive blacks. Hypertension. 1984 May-Jun;6(3):344-51.
Chinese M, Solomon H, Falkner B, Adragna N, Ellison RC: Familial Aggregation of Sodium Countertransport and Cotransport and Essential Hypertension in: Topics on Pathophysiology of Hypertension. Villareal H, Sambhi MP, Nijhoff Publish. Boston, p. 78-87, 1984
Falkner B, Katz S, Chinese M, Kushner H: The Response to Chronic Oral Sodium Loading in Young Blacks. Hypertension, 8 (Suppl I): I-165-168, 1986
Falkner B. Cardiovascular characteristics of the young with borderline hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1986;8 Suppl 5:S44-7.
Canessa M, Bize I, Spalvins A, Falkner B, Katz S. Na-K-C1 cotransport and Na pump in red cells of young blacks and blood pressure response to salt loading. J Clin Hypertens. 1986 Jun;2(2):101-8.
Falkner B, Ragonessi SB: Psychosocial Stress and Cardiovascular Reactivity in Juveniles. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry, 140:779, 1986
Falkner B, Light K: The Interactive Effects of Stress and Dietary Sodium on Cardiovascular Reactivity. In: J Hypertens, Stress, Reactivity, and Cardiovascular Disease: Status and Prospects. Eds. Matthews L, Weiss SM, Detre T, Dembroski T, Falkner B, Manuch S, Williams R (Eds), John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, p 329-341, 1986
Falkner B: Mild Hypertension in Adolescence. In: Mild Hypertension: From Drug Trials to Practice. Strasser T, Gaten D, (Eds) Raven Press, New York, p 279-283, 1987
Falkner B, Kushner H, Khalsa DK, Canessa M, Katz S. Sodium sensitivity, growth and family history of hypertension in young blacks. J Hypertens Suppl. 1986 Dec;4(5):S381-3.
Falkner B: Reactivity to Mental Stress in Hypertension and Prehypertension in: Handbook of Hypertension, Vol. 10. Behavioral Factors in Hypertension, Editor Julius S. and Bassett DR. Elsevier Science Publishers. B.V., 1987
Falkner B. Sodium sensitivity: a determinant of essential hypertension. J Am Coll Nutr. 1988 Feb;7(1):35-41. Review.
Falkner B: Measurement of Volume Regulation: Renal Function. in: Schneiderman N, Kaufman P and Weiss SM (Eds). Handbook of Research Methods in Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1989
Falkner B. Vascular reactivity and hypertension in childhood. Semin Nephrol. 1989 Sep;9(3):247-52. Review.
Santangelo K, Falkner B, Kushner H. Forearm hemodynamics at rest and stress in borderline hypertensive adolescents. Am J Hypertens. 1989 Jan;2(1):52-6.
Falkner B, Kushner H. Race differences in stress-induced reactivity in young adults. Health Psychol. 1989;8(5):613-27.
Falkner B, Kushner H. Effect of chronic sodium loading on cardiovascular response in young blacks and whites. Hypertension. 1990 Jan;15(1):36-43.
Falkner B. Differences in blacks and whites with essential hypertension: biochemistry and endocrine. State of the art lecture. Hypertension. 1990 Jun;15(6 Pt 2):681-6. Review.
Falkner B, Hulman S, Tannenbaum J, Kushner H. Insulin resistance and blood pressure in young black men. Hypertension. 1990 Dec;16(6):706-11.
Canessa M, Laski C, Falkner B. Red blood cell Na+ transport as a predictor of blood pressure response to Na+ load in young blacks and whites. Hypertension. 1990 Nov;16(5):508-14.
Falkner B: Etiologic Factors in Essential Hypertension. Loggie J, Robson A (Eds), in: Pediatric and Adolescent Hypertension, 1992.
Falkner B, Rabinowitz AI, Michel SH: Nutrition and Blood Pressure in Childhood: In: Nutritional Factors in Hypertension, Langford H, Levine B (Eds), Alan R Liss, Inc., New York, 1990.
Falkner B, Kushner H. Interaction of sodium sensitivity and stress in young adults. Hypertension. 1991 Jan;17(1 Suppl):I162-5.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005164     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1036
R01HL031802 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
Last Verified: June 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases


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