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PET Scans in Normal Volunteers and Patients With Fabry Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005111
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will determine the rate of sugar metabolism in the brain of patients with Fabry disease, a genetic disease of abnormal lipid metabolism. Compared with healthy people, patients with Fabry disease have increased blood flow to the brain, which may result from abnormal brain metabolic activity. This study will use positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare brain sugar metabolism in eight untreated patients, eight patients who are receiving enzyme replacement therapy, and eight healthy volunteers.

Patients with treated and untreated Fabry disease and normal volunteers may be eligible for this study. Participants will undergo the following two procedures:

  1. PET scan < The patient lies in the PET scanning machine. First, the chest is scanned for a few minutes to determine how much radiation the tissues of the chest absorb. A radioactive sugar called fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is then injected through a catheter (thin plastic tube placed in a vein) and the heart is scanned for about 45 minutes to measure the amount of FDG in the blood inside the heart. The head is then scanned for about 20 minutes to measure FDG in the brain. This measurement tells how much sugar the brain uses for energy. The procedure requires insertion of two or three catheters. A special facemask may be molded to the patient's head to help hold the head still during the scanning.
  2. MRI scan < The patient lies on a table surrounded by the scanner (a metal cylinder) for about 60 minutes. A strong magnetic field and radio waves are used to show images of structural and chemical changes in tissues.

This study may provide information that will help explain abnormalities in Fabry disease and the effect of treatment on the brain.

Condition or disease
Fabry Disease Healthy

Detailed Description:
We have found that patients with Fabry disease have an increased resting global cerebral blood flow compared with healthy subjects. This augmentation may result from an abnormal metabolic activity in the brain of the patients. The goal of this protocol is to study the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (rCMRGlu) in eight untreated patients with Fabry disease, eight Fabry patients who are receiving enzyme replacement therapy and compare it with the rCMRGlu eight in healthy volunteers. In order to minimize the need for arterial lines we shall image the left ventricle of the heart to obtain the (18)FDG time-activity curve needed to measure rCMRGlu. The method will be validated in the healthy volunteers.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 24 participants
Official Title: (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography in Patients With Fabry Disease
Study Start Date : April 2000
Study Completion Date : March 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Hemizygote male Fabry patients 18-50 years-of-age.

Must be able to tolerate the procedures.

Must be able to give written informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005111

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United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00005111    
Other Study ID Numbers: 000106
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: March 2000
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Blood Flow
Lysosomal Disease
Fabry Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fabry Disease
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders