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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Primary Stage II Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005052
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2009
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether vaccine therapy is more effective than observation alone for melanoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying vaccine therapy to see how well it works compared to observation alone in treating patients with primary stage II melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: GM2-KLH vaccine Biological: QS21 Procedure: adjuvant therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the effect of immunization with GM2-KLH and QS21 to observation on the disease-free survival of patients with primary cutaneous stage II melanoma after adequate surgery.
  • Determine overall survival and toxicity in the two treatment arms.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, parallel, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, tumor thickness (greater than 1.5 to 3.0 mm vs greater than 3.0 to 4.0 mm vs greater than 4.0 mm), gender, ulceration (yes vs no), and presence of additional staging procedures of regional lymph nodes (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to one of two arms.

  • Arm I: Patients are vaccinated with GM2-KLH and QS21 subcutaneously on day 1 of weeks 1-4, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 120, and 144 for a total of 14 vaccinations.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo observation. Patients are followed every 6 months for 7 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1300 patients (650 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 36 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adjuvant Ganglioside GM2-KLH/QS-21 Vaccination: Post-Operative Adjuvant Ganglioside GM2-KLH/QS-21 (BMS-248479) Vaccination Treatment After Resection of Primary Cutaneous Melanoma Thicker Than 1.5mm (AJCC/UICC Stage II, T3-T4N0M0), a 2-Arm Multicenter Randomized Phase III Trial vs. Observation
Study Start Date : December 1999

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease-free survival

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of survival
  2. Toxicity as assessed by CTC v2

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed primary stage II melanoma greater than 1.5 mm without evidence of lymph node metastases

    • T3 or T4, N0, M0
    • Must originate in the skin
  • Wide excision with a minimum of 1-2 cm margin surrounding primary lesion or biopsy scar

    • No more than 56 days since definitive surgical treatment (wide excision)
    • No more than 12 weeks since primary surgery
  • No clinical, radiological, or pathological evidence of incompletely resected disease, lymph node metastases, in-transit metastasis, or any distant metastatic disease



  • 18 to 80

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9.8 g/dL


  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN
  • LDH no greater than 2 times ULN
  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times ULN
  • Hepatitis B and C negative


  • Creatinine normal


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No prior or other concurrent cancer except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal or squamous cell skin cancer
  • No autoimmune disorders
  • No conditions requiring systemic treatment with immunosuppressive drugs including treatment with systemic corticosteroids
  • No history of CNS demyelinating or inflammatory disease
  • No hereditary or acquired peripheral neuropathy
  • No other significant medical or surgical condition or psychiatric disorders requiring medication that would preclude study
  • No history of severe allergic reaction to shellfish
  • HIV negative


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior immunotherapy
  • No other concurrent biologic therapy


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy
  • No concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy except replacement therapy
  • No concurrent corticosteroids
  • No concurrent chronic systemic steroids


  • No prior adjuvant radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • No prior preoperative infusion or perfusion therapy
  • No concurrent immunosuppressive medications
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005052

Show Show 80 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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OverallOfficial: Alexander M. M. Eggermont, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
Publications of Results:
Eggermont AM, Suciu S, Ruka W, et al.: EORTC 18961: Post-operative adjuvant ganglioside GM2-KLH21 vaccination treatment vs observation in stage II (T3-T4N0M0) melanoma: 2nd interim analysis led to an early disclosure of the results. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-9004, 2008.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00005052    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067645
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2009
Last Verified: January 2006
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas