Working… Menu

Combination Chemotherapy and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004903
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2001 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 28, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Biological: filgrastim Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Drug: cisplatin Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cytarabine Drug: etoposide Drug: melphalan Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the feasibility and activity of intensive therapy with 3 noncross resistant chemotherapeutic regimens (cyclophosphamide, etoposide, cisplatin, cytarabine, and tandem courses of high dose melphalan with stem cell rescue) in patients with chemotherapy sensitive multiple myeloma. II. Determine the incidence of hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities of this regimen in this patient population. III. Determine the time to hematologic recovery after high dose melphalan in these patients. IV. Determine the response rate after each course of therapy in these patients. V. Determine the disease free, relapse free, and overall survival of these patients treated on this regimen. VI. Determine the incidence of toxicities attributable to interferon alfa and the ability to continue interferon alfa therapy as maintenance in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to the number of prior treatments (1 vs 2). Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour every 3 hours for 5 doses. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously daily beginning 3 days after cyclophosphamide and continuing through apheresis. Upon hematologic recovery, peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are collected over several days. After completion of the autologous stem cell harvest and hematologic recovery, patients receive etoposide IV and cisplatin IV continuously over 4 days, followed by cytarabine IV over 2 hours. Beginning 4-6 weeks later, patients receive melphalan IV over 15 minutes on 2 consecutive days. At least 48 hours after the second dose of melphalan, PBSC are reinfused. G-CSF is administered subcutaneously daily beginning 5 days after PBSC reinfusion until hematologic recovery. Patients remaining in remission after the first course of high dose melphalan receive a second course of melphalan 4 to 6 months after the first course. Melphalan IV is administered as above with reinfusion of the remainder of PBSC. After hematologic recovery from the second transplant, patients receive interferon alfa subcutaneously 3 days weekly until relapse. Patients are followed every 2 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 28 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of High Dose Late Intensification Therapy in Patients With Chemotherapy Sensitive Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : October 1999

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: All stages of multiple myeloma Measurable disease manifested by monoclonal serum or urine globulins If nonsecretory, must have malignant plasma cells documented on bilateral bone marrow biopsy or isolated plasmacytomas Complete remission to induction chemotherapy allowed No progressive disease after standard induction therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Physiologic 65 and under Performance status: CALGB 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL No active hepatitis with hepatitis C Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 45% No history of symptomatic coronary artery disease unless cleared after cardiology evaluation Pulmonary: FEV1 at least 60% predicted FEV1/FVC at least 60% Other: HIV negative Hepatitis B surface antigen negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens, including induction Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004903

Layout table for location information
United States, Illinois
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Jane N. Winter, MD Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00004903     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067582
First Posted: April 28, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2014
Last Verified: June 2001
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
refractory multiple myeloma
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists