Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Recurrent Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004893
First received: March 7, 2000
Last updated: July 15, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Interleukin-12 may kill tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor and by stimulating a person's white blood cells to kill breast cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of interleukin-12 in treating patients who have metastatic or recurrent breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: recombinant interleukin-12
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Novel Therapeutic Agents Against Breast Cancer: An Innovative Randomized Phase II Trial Design

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • disease progression [ Time Frame: at 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • time to progression [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: December 1999
Study Completion Date: February 2002
Primary Completion Date: February 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: IL12 Therapy
Patients begin therapy no sooner than 3 weeks and no later than 6 weeks since last chemotherapy dose. Patients receive interleukin-12 subcutaneously twice a week. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at least every 3 months for 1 year. If no progression after 1 year, may be followed as needed for new signs or symptoms and survival for 5 years.
Biological: recombinant interleukin-12
No Intervention: Observation
Patients are observed for 6 months. If disease progresses during first 6 months, patients may receive interleukin-12 as in arm I. Patients without disease progression within first 6 months may also then receive interleukin-12 as in arm I. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed for toxicity only until interleukin-12 is discontinued.

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the activity of interleukin-12 as defined by the percentage of patients who have not progressed after 6 months of therapy. II. Compare percentage of patients who have not progressed after six months with or without treatment regimen. III. Determine time to progression and overall survival in this patient population after this treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to disease free interval from primary diagnosis to first metastases (less than 3 years vs 3 years and longer), estrogen receptor status (positive vs negative), and disease status (complete response, partial response, detectable disease, or stable disease). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients begin therapy no sooner than 3 weeks and no later than 6 weeks since last chemotherapy dose. Patients receive interleukin-12 subcutaneously twice a week. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at least every 3 months for 1 year. If no progression after 1 year, may be followed as needed for new signs or symptoms and survival for 5 years. Arm II: Patients are observed for 6 months. If disease progresses during first 6 months, patients may receive interleukin-12 as in arm I. Patients without disease progression within first 6 months may also then receive interleukin-12 as in arm I. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed for toxicity only until interleukin-12 is discontinued.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed metastatic or recurrent breast cancer (not confined to breast) One prior induction chemotherapy regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease (4 weeks of treatment for 4-6 courses) resulting in stable disease, partial response, or complete response Pleural or peritoneal effusion palliated by induction chemotherapy allowed No uncontrolled brain metastases Previously treated brain metastases allowed if: No evidence of progression for at least 3 months following radiotherapy and/or surgical treatment AND At least 30 days since dexamethasone or other corticosteroids AND Other metastatic site exists No bone marrow or brain as only sites of metastases No meningeal disease Hormone receptor status Estrogen receptor status known

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Menopausal status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL (transfusion or epoetin alfa allowed) Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: SGOT/SGPT no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Albumin at least 3.0 g/dL Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: No other active malignancy except nonmelanoma skin cancer Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No inflammatory bowel disease or active gastric ulcer No prior autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency syndrome

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Chemotherapy No concurrent interleukin-11 Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No concurrent chemotherapy Prior chemotherapy with bone marrow progenitor support (bone marrow transplant and/or peripheral blood stem cell support) allowed in adjuvant setting only (not for metastases) Endocrine therapy: Prior hormone therapy for breast cancer allowed No concurrent hormones allowed except for non-cancer or cancer treatment related conditions (e.g. insulin for diabetes) No concurrent dexamethasone or other steroidal antiemetics Radiotherapy: Prior radiotherapy allowed No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: Prior bisphosphonate therapy allowed if started at least 3 months before study No initiation of bisphosphonate therapy during study

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004893

  Show 49 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Daniel F. Hayes, MD University of Michigan Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004893     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CALGB-49806  U10CA031946  CLB-49806  CDR0000067570 
Study First Received: March 7, 2000
Last Updated: July 15, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Interleukin-12
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2016