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Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Dehydroepiandrosterone in Women With Active Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: February 25, 2000
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2005
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Northwestern University
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)


I. Evaluate the safety and efficacy of synthetic dehydroepiandrosterone, GL701, in women with active systemic lupus erythematosus.

Condition Intervention Phase
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Drug: dehydroepiandrosterone Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):

Estimated Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: March 1996
Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by participating institution.

Patients are randomly assigned to daily oral dehydroepiandrosterone or placebo for 52 weeks. Patients are evaluated every 13 weeks on study and return for a follow-up 6 weeks after completion of therapy.

Concurrent therapy with estrogen replacement and stable doses of prednisone, azathioprine, methotrexate (with folate supplementation), hydroxychloroquine, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is allowed. Other investigational medications and immunosuppressants are prohibited.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

Systemic lupus erythematosus by 1982 American College of Rheumatology criteria Diagnosed for at least 6 months

Systemic Lupus Activity Measure score at least 7 Points for erythrocyte sedimentation rate excluded

SLEDAI score of greater than 2 at both screening and qualifying visits

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

No prior participation in any dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) study

No investigational agent within the longer of 30 days or 10 half-lives of the agent

Prednisone (or equivalent) dose 0 to 10 mg/day Unchanged for at least 6 weeks prior to entry

At least 3 months since immunosuppressants other than azathioprine and methotrexate, including:

  • DHEA
  • Adrenocorticotropin hormone
  • Androgens
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cyclosporine
  • Immune globulin

At least 6 weeks since change in azathioprine, methotrexate, or hydroxychloroquine

--Patient Characteristics-- Renal: No requirement for hemodialysis

Cardiovascular: No serious abnormality on electrocardiogram


  • No hypersensitivity to DHEA or inactive ingredients in GL701 formulation, i.e., cornstarch, lactose, or magnesium stearate
  • No history of breast cancer or reproductive tract malignancy
  • Cervical carcinoma eligible if surgically cured, i.e., no evidence of disease for 5 years
  • No condition that would prevent compliance or follow-up, e.g.: Alcoholism Drug addiction Acute withdrawal from chemical dependency
  • Psychiatric disease
  • No pregnant or nursing women
  • Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women
  • Reliable contraception required of fertile women
  • No estrogen-containing oral contraceptives on study
  • At least 3 weeks since estrogen-containing oral contraceptives
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00004662

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Northwestern University
Study Chair: Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman Northwestern University
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004662     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/11918
First Submitted: February 24, 2000
First Posted: February 25, 2000
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2005
Last Verified: December 2001

Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
arthritis & connective tissue diseases
immunologic disorders and infectious disorders
rare disease
systemic lupus erythematosus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs