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Phase II Randomized Trial:Arginine Butyrate Plus Standard Local Therapy in Patients With Refractory Sickle Cell Ulcers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004412
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 1999
Results First Posted : March 31, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of local care alone vs local care plus arginine butyrate in terms of healing rate in patients with refractory sickle cell ulcers.

II. Determine the effect of arginine butyrate therapy on tissue factors related to promotion or inhibition of wound healing in these patients.

III. Determine whether the regimen used in this study is appropriate for testing in pivotal trials.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Skin Ulcers Sickle Cell Anemia Drug: Arginine Butyrate Other: Standard local care dressing Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive arginine butyrate IV over 6-9 hours at night 5 days a week for 12 weeks, plus concurrent standard local therapy consisting of cleaning, saline irrigation, and dressing changes as prescribed by each patient's physician. Patients who experience progressive healing receive arginine butyrate 3-4 times a week. Arginine butyrate treatment may be discontinued and reinstated following a single 2 week medical complication.

Arm II: Patients receive standard local therapy alone for 12 weeks. Patients randomized to arm II may cross over to receive arginine butyrate if no or less than 25% healing is observed after 12 weeks.

Patients whose ulcers have closed by at least 15% per cycle may receive 2 additional 8-week cycles of arginine butyrate therapy and are followed for 2 months after healing is completed.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Arginine Butyrate for Treatment of Refractory Leg Ulcers in Sickle Cell Disease or Beta Thalassemia
Study Start Date : September 1997
Primary Completion Date : December 2002
Study Completion Date : February 2005

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Standard local care dressing
Each subject provided his/her own dressing e.g,standard local care includes cleaning, saline irrigation, dressing changes only for 8 weeks twice a week.
Other: Standard local care dressing
To heal leg ulcers.
Experimental: Arginine Butyrate
Arginine Butyrate IV plus Standard local care dressing for a total of 12 weeks. Low dose 500 mg/kg or, increased dose 750 mg/kg. First week AB given 5 days in a row, over 6 to 12hours.
Drug: Arginine Butyrate
To determine if Arginine Butyrate accelerates healing of refractory leg ulcers over Standard Local Care alone.
Other: Standard local care dressing
To heal leg ulcers.
Patients are randomly assigned (following a table of random numbers prepared by a blinded statistician) between two arms of the study. Arm I is Standard local care dressing only, and Arm II is standard local care plus Arginine Butyrate (AB), the Investigational New Drug. Ulcers observed & traced weekly. Ulcer area calculated by computerized planimetry. After 12 weeks of therapy, if the ulcer size decreased by at least 25%, the AB may be continued for another 8 weeks (twice), or until the ulcer closes, plus an additional 2 weeks. The patients randomized to the Control Arm (standard local care) were given the option of crossing over to Arm II If, ulcers did not close after 8 weeks of standard local care.
Drug: Arginine Butyrate
To determine if Arginine Butyrate accelerates healing of refractory leg ulcers over Standard Local Care alone.
Other: Standard local care dressing
To heal leg ulcers.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Healing Defined as a Decrease in Ulcer Area by at Least 25% of the Initial Area [ Time Frame: participants were followed for an average of 3 months ]

    Treatment Arm: The AB is given as an IV infusion at 500 mg/kg over 6-9 hrs. 5 days per week for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks of therapy, if he ulcer has decreased by 25% , the AB may be continued for additional 8 weeks (twice) or, until ulcer closes plus 2 weeks, additionally.

    Ulcers photographed, traced, and ulcer areas calculated by computerized planimetry.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. % Ulcers Which Completely Healed in Each Group, After 3 Months [ Time Frame: two additional courses of 8 week cycles ]
    Control Arm: given option to crossover to Treatment Arm if, ulcers have not closed after 12 weeks standard local care alone.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No



--Disease Characteristics-- Significant sickle cell syndrome including Hemoglobin SS (HbSS), Hemoglobin S-beta thalassemia, and hemoglobin variants. Lower extremity or ankle ulcer (or ulcers) present for at least 6 months without healing --Patient Characteristics-- Age: 16-60 yrs Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: No hepatic compromise Transaminases no greater than 250 IU Renal: No renal compromise Creatinine no greater than 1.2 mg/mL (adults) Creatinine no greater than 0.9 mg/mL (teenagers) Other: Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception No poorly controlled seizure disorders No other secondary conditions that might inhibit immune function

  • Prior/Concurrent Therapy Other: Must be treated with antibiotics prior to entry for complicating cellulitis or secondary infections


--Prior/Concurrent Therapy-- Biologic therapy: chronic transfusion therapy Chemotherapy: prior or concurrent cancer chemotherapy concurrent butyrate derivatives Endocrine therapy: concurrent corticosteroid therapy Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified --Patient Characteristics-- Hepatic: hepatic compromise Transaminases greater than 250 IU Renal: renal compromise Creatinine greater than 1.2 mg/mL (adults) Creatinine greater than 0.9 mg/mL (teenagers) Other: pregnant; Fertile patients with no effective contraception Poorly controlled seizure disorders other secondary conditions that might inhibit immune function

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00004412

United States, Illinois
University of Illinois College of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, New York
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, Tennessee
University of Tennessee, Memphis Cancer Center
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38103
Sponsors and Collaborators
Susan P. Perrine
Boston Medical Center
University of Illinois at Chicago
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Schneider Children's Medical Center, Israel
Study Chair: Douglas V. Faller Boston University
More Information

Responsible Party: Susan P. Perrine, Susan P. Perrine MD, Professor, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004412     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/13302
BUSM-FDR001376 ( Other Identifier: Food & Drug Administration )
IND 36,957 ( Other Identifier: Food & Drug Administration )
First Posted: October 19, 1999    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 31, 2015
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by Susan P. Perrine, Boston University:
dermatologic disorders
genetic diseases and dysmorphic syndromes
hematologic disorders
rare disease
sickle cell anemia
skin ulcers
thalassemia major

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Skin Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases
Butyric Acid
Arginine butyrate
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents