Randomized Study of Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid in Prophylactic Therapy of Total Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis in Infants

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
FDA Office of Orphan Products Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: October 18, 1999
Last updated: March 24, 2015
Last verified: August 1998

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether infants treated with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) have a lower peak direct bilirubin, ALT, AST, glutamyltranspeptidase levels and a reduced duration of cholestasis compared to the nontreatment arm.

II. Determine the significance of lower birth weight and longer duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on increasing risk of TPN associated cholestasis and increasing benefit from TUDCA therapy.

III. Determine whether TUDCA therapy leads to significant reduction in the appearance of biliary tract sludge and/or stone formation in these infants.

IV. Determine whether TUDCA therapy leads to reduced urinary excretion of potentially hepatotoxic bile acids as compared to the untreated arm matched for birth weight and duration of TPN.

Condition Intervention
Drug: tauroursodeoxycholic acid

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Further study details as provided by FDA Office of Orphan Products Development:

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: June 1998
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2002
Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by birth weight.

Patients are randomized in pairs by birth weight to receive either a placebo in arm I or tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) in arm II. TUDCA is administered by mouth, nasogastric tube, or gastrostomy tube twice daily. After 2 weeks of therapy, a bile sample is obtained via a duodenal tube. An ultrasound examination of the liver and biliary tract is performed after 2 weeks and every 3 weeks thereafter until discontinuation of therapy or until presence of biliary tract sludge is noted on 2 consecutive examinations.

Completion date provided represents the completion date of the grant per OOPD records


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 20 Days
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

  • Hospitalized infants who are anticipated to require total parenteral nutrition for greater than 2 weeks and have: Major gastrointestinal anomalies (gastroschisis, ruptured omphalocele) OR Resection (necrotizing enterocolitis, volvulus)
  • No evidence of biliary tract abnormalities
  • No evidence of other forms of cholestatic liver disease

--Patient Characteristics--

  • Renal: No life threatening renal disease
  • Cardiovascular: No life threatening cardiovascular disease
  • Other: No multiple congenital abnormalities
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004410

United States, Minnesota
Children's Hospitals and Clinics - Minneapolis
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55404
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216-4505
United States, Ohio
Children's Hospital Medical Center - Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229-3039
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Study Chair: James Heubi Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004410     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/13299, CHMC-C-95-9-9, CHMC-C-CRC-473, CHMC-C-FDR001277
Study First Received: October 18, 1999
Last Updated: March 24, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by FDA Office of Orphan Products Development:
gastrointestinal disorders
rare disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid
Tauroursodeoxycholic acid
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiviral Agents
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Gastrointestinal Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 13, 2015