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Heat Therapy in Treating Patients With Unresectable Primary or Metastatic Liver Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: December 10, 1999
Last updated: July 27, 2012
Last verified: July 2012

RATIONALE: Heating tumors to several degrees above body temperature may kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of heat therapy in treating patients who have unresectable primary or metastatic liver cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Liver Cancer
Metastatic Cancer
Procedure: Radiofrequency Ablation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Radiofrequency Ablation of Unresectable Liver Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of Radiofrequency Ablation in Patients with Primary or Metastatic Liver Cancer [ Time Frame: 1 Month ]

Enrollment: 59
Study Start Date: November 1999
Study Completion Date: January 2006
Primary Completion Date: April 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Heat Therapy Procedure: Radiofrequency Ablation
Tumors heated to target temperature by electrodes for maximum of 20 minutes
Other Name: Heat Therapy

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in patients with primary or metastatic liver cancer. II. Determine disease free survival, local recurrence rate in treated lesions as compared to known recurrence rates after hepatic cryoablation, and overall survival in this patient population receiving this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients undergo laparoscopic or open laparotomy surgical procedure to identify unresectable tumors by ultrasound. Tumors are heated to a target temperature by electrodes for a maximum of 20 minutes. To achieve a 1 cm margin of ablated tissue around each lesion, multiple ablation courses may be performed, depending on the size of the lesions and the time required to complete the treatment. Patients may be retreated if tumor recurs or new disease appears. Patients are followed at 1 month, every 3 months for the first 2 years, every 6 months for next 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 59 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of unresectable malignant primary or metastatic liver tumors Tumors are deemed unresectable based on the following factors: 1-10 liver tumors Bilobar liver tumors Location of 1 or more lesions near a major intrahepatic vascular structure (hepatic vein, portal vein, vena cava) Severe cirrhosis to preclude a major liver resection No unresectable extrahepatic disease Prior failure of other therapeutic modalities allowed No more than moderate ascites No hepatic encephalopathy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: Zubrod 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: No severe liver dysfunction (Child's Class C) Bilirubin no greater than 3.0 mg/dL Albumin no greater than 3.0 mg/dL PT no greater than 50% above normal Renal: No renal dysfunction Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No altered mental status No active infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00004136

United States, Texas
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Steven A. Curley, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00004136     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ID97-328
P30CA016672 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
MDA-ID-97328 ( Other Identifier: UT MD Anderson Cancer Center )
CDR0000067366 ( Registry Identifier: NCI PDQ )
Study First Received: December 10, 1999
Last Updated: July 27, 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
stage III childhood liver cancer
stage IV childhood liver cancer
recurrent childhood liver cancer
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
advanced adult primary liver cancer
recurrent adult primary liver cancer
liver metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes processed this record on April 24, 2017