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Growth Factor to Prevent Oral Mucositis in Patients With Hematologic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004132
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Keratinocyte growth factor may prevent symptoms of mucositis in patients receiving radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of keratinocyte growth factor in preventing oral mucositis in patients who have hematologic cancers and who are undergoing radiation therapy and chemotherapy before autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ Leukemia Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Oral Complications Radiation Toxicity Biological: filgrastim Biological: palifermin Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: etoposide Drug: ifosfamide Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of recombinant keratinocyte growth factor in reducing the duration of severe oral mucositis induced by total body irradiation and high dose chemotherapy in patients with hematologic malignancies. II. Determine the incidence and duration of severe oral mucositis, grade 2-4 diarrhea, and febrile neutropenia in these patients. III. Determine the necessity of use of transdermal or parenteral opioid analgesics and IV antifungals or antibiotics for febrile neutropenia or infections in these patients. IV. Determine the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center. Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive 7 doses of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (rHuKGF). Arm II: Patients receive 4 doses of rHuKGF followed by 3 doses of placebo. Arm III: Patients receive 7 doses of placebo. Patients receive one of two conditioning regimens. Primary conditioning regimen: Patients receive rHuKGF or placebo daily on days -11, -10, -9, -5, 0, 1, and 2. Total body irradiation (TBI) is administered twice a day on days -8 to -5. Patients receive etoposide on day -4, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day -2, and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) on day 0. Filgrastim (G-CSF) IV or SC is administered beginning on day 0 and continuing for 21 days or until blood counts recover. Secondary conditioning regimen: Patients receive rHuKGF or placebo daily on days -13, -12, -11, -7, 0, 1, and 2. TBI is administered twice a day on days -10 to -7. Patients receive ifosfamide IV over 1 hour followed by etoposide over 23 hours on days -6 to -2, then PBSCT on day 0. G-CSF IV or SC is administered beginning on day 0 for 21 days or until blood counts recover. Quality of life is assessed daily beginning on day -11 and continuing until day 28. Patients are followed at day 28 and then at day 60-100.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 111 patients (37 per arm) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Recombinant Human Keratinocyte Growth Factor (rHuKGF) in Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Undergoing Total Body Irradiation (TBI) and High-Dose Chemotherapy With Autologous Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cell (PBPC) Transplantation
Study Start Date : January 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2004

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, or multiple myeloma Eligible for total body irradiation plus high dose chemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation At least 1,500,000 CD34+ cells/kg cryopreserved No prior treatment on this study

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 12 to 65 Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% SWOG 0 or 1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 If conditioning regimen scheduled soon after apheresis, platelet count of greater than 50,000/mm3 but less than 100,000/mm3 allowed Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No congestive heart failure No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease Pulmonary: DLCO at least 50% predicted Other: No prior or concurrent second malignancy No active infection or oral mucositis No insulin dependent diabetes mellitus HIV negative No sensitivity to E. coli derived products Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception one month before, during, and one month after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, unless undergoing second transplant of a tandem transplant regimen, with no complications after first transplant No concurrent interleukin-11 Chemotherapy: No other concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy, except intrathecal methotrexate for CNS involvement Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior extensive radiotherapy that would preclude total body irradiation Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 30 days since prior investigational devices or drugs, except Baxter Isolex i column No other concurrent investigational agents No concurrent prophylactic oral cryotherapy during chemotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004132

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United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Christos E. Emmanouilides, MD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00004132    
Other Study ID Numbers: AMGEN-KGF-980231-03
CDR0000067362 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: May 20, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2013
Last Verified: June 2007
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
childhood Burkitt lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
stage 0 chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
stage IV childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage I chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage II chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage III chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage IV chronic lymphocytic leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
untreated adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
untreated childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies
untreated childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
oral complications
stage IV childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
stage I grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage I grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage I grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage I adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action