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BCG Plus Interferon Alfa 2b in Treating Patients With Bladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: December 10, 1999
Last updated: January 31, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as BCG use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Combining these therapies may be an effective treatment for bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of BCG plus interferon alfa 2b in treating patients who have bladder cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bladder Cancer
Biological: BCG vaccine
Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A National Phase II Trial of Intron (Interferon-alfa 2b) Plus BCG for Treatment of Superficial Bladder Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:

Study Start Date: July 1999
Primary Completion Date: April 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of BCG combined with interferon alfa 2b in patients with superficial bladder cancer. II. Determine the relative local and systemic toxicities of this regimen and its effect on quality of life in these patients. III. Evaluate the effect of BCG dose reduction during therapy on symptom tolerance and ability to maintain an extended treatment plan in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior BCG exposure and BCG tolerance (no prior BCG exposure vs prior BCG exposure, BCG tolerant vs prior BCG and interferon alfa treatment failure, BCG intolerant). Patients receive induction therapy consisting of varying strengths of BCG plus interferon alfa intravesically weekly for 6 weeks. Patients with disease recurrence which is resectable and/or amenable to intravesical therapy following the first induction course may receive an additional course of induction therapy. At 3 months, patients undergo evaluatory cystoscopy and cytology. At 4 months, patients with no evidence of disease receive varying strengths of maintenance therapy consisting of BCG and interferon alfa intravesically weekly for 3 weeks. Treatment repeats every 6 months for 3 courses. Quality of life is assessed within 1 week following the last induction and maintenance treatment and prior to cystoscopy. Patients are followed every 3 months for 6 months, every 6 months for 1.5 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 660 patients will be accrued for this study within 2.5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder No muscle invasive bladder cancer, transitional cell carcinoma of the upper tract, or disease within the prostatic stroma No prior evidence of metastatic transitional cell carcinoma Prior definitive resection by partial cystectomy, nephroureterectomy, or prostatectomy allowed if current disease is limited to superficial disease of the bladder only No evidence of gross hematuria within the past 2 days

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No other active malignancies or health conditions that would preclude study No serious infection within 1 month of study No evidence of active tuberculosis No significant medical or psychiatric condition that would prevent compliance Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior intravesical interferon alfa and/or BCG At least 2 years since prior immunotherapy for other malignancies or nonmalignancies Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior intravesical chemotherapy At least 2 years since prior chemotherapy for other malignancies or nonmalignancies No concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy for other malignancies or nonmalignancies Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 2 years since prior pelvic radiotherapy for other malignancies or nonmalignancies No concurrent pelvic radiotherapy for other malignancies or nonmalignancies Surgery: See Disease Characteristics At least 3 weeks since prior papillary or solid transitional cell carcinoma resection, bladder biopsy, or transurethral resection of the prostate At least 4 weeks since prior surgery Other: At least 2 years since any prior cytotoxic agents for other malignancies or nonmalignancies

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00004122

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David A. Corral, MD Triangle Urological Group
  More Information Identifier: NCT00004122     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067348
Study First Received: December 10, 1999
Last Updated: January 31, 2013

Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
stage I bladder cancer
recurrent bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
BCG Vaccine
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic processed this record on May 22, 2017