R115777 in Treating Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Acute Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004009
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 30, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Maryland

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of R115777 in treating patients who have refractory or recurrent acute leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: tipifarnib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine toxicities and pharmacokinetics of oral R115777 in adults with refractory acute leukemia or accelerated or blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. II. Determine the effect of R115777 on farnesylation within leukemia cells. III. Determine any clinical response (at least 50% decrease in circulating leukemia cells) to R115777 by these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients receive oral R115777 for 7-21 days. Patients who achieve complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) following 1-4 courses of treatment may receive up to 4 additional courses. Patients with stable disease may receive another 7-21 day course. If CR or PR is then achieved, patients may receive up to 4 additional courses. Cohorts of 6-12 patients receive escalating doses of R115777 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which between 17% and 33% of patients experience dose limiting toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 24 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study to Determine Biological Endpoints of Up to 21 Day Dosing of the Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor R115777 (IND# 52,302) for Refractory and Relapsed Adult Leukemias (Summary Last Modified 9/1999)
Actual Study Start Date : June 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2001

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven leukemia of any of the following types: Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) Newly diagnosed de novo AML in patients over 60 years with poor risk features Antecedent hematologic disorder Complex karyotypes or other adverse cytogenetics Stem cell immunophenotype AML arising from myelodysplastic syndrome Secondary AML Recurrent or refractory AML, including primary induction failure Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) Newly diagnosed de novo ALL in patients over 60 years with poor risk disease features Complex karyotype or other adverse cytogenetics Mixed lineage immunophenotype Recurrent or refractory ALL, including primary induction failure Chronic myelogenous leukemia in accelerated phase or blast crisis No more than 2 prior induction/reinduction therapy courses if failed primary induction therapy or relapsed following complete remission Not eligible for or refused allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Acute progranulocytic leukemia (M3) must meet following criteria: Prior treatment with tretinoin required No coagulopathy Low risk for developing coagulopathy No disseminated intravascular coagulation No CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: No hyperleukocytosis (at least 50,000 leukemic blasts/mm3) Hepatic: Bilirubin normal SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 times normal Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 45% by MUGA or echocardiogram No myocardial infarction within the past 3 months No severe coronary artery disease No cardiomyopathy No congestive heart failure No prior coagulation related sequelae: Deep vein thrombosis Pulmonary embolus CNS thrombosis or bleed Other: No pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 1 week since prior growth factors (epoetin alfa, filgrastim, sargramostim, interleukin-3, interleukin-11) and recovered No prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 3 weeks since prior endocrine therapy and recovered Radiotherapy: At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No prior extensive radiotherapy to greater than 25% bone marrow No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004009

United States, Iowa
University of Iowa College of Medicine
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Maryland
Marlene & Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, New York
University of Rochester Cancer Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Judith E. Karp, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Responsible Party: University of Maryland Identifier: NCT00004009     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MSGCC-9802
CDR0000067221 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: August 27, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 30, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by University of Maryland:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
untreated adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
secondary acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents