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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003959
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 15, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: A vaccine made from a person's myelodysplasia cells may make the body build an immune response to kill cancer cells. Combining vaccine therapy with sargramostim may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy plus sargramostim in treating patients who have myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Biological: ras peptide cancer vaccine Biological: sargramostim Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether a specific T-cell response can be induced in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome treated with mutant N-, K-, or H-ras peptide vaccine (limited to the specific N-, K-, or H-ras peptide mutation in their bone marrow) and intradermal sargramostim (GM-CSF). II. Determine whether HLA type or the ability to respond immunologically to common recall antigens correlates with the induction of anti-ras immune responses in these patients treated with this regimen. III. Assess toxicity of mutant N-, K-, or H-ras peptide vaccine in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) intradermally on days 1-10. Patients receive mutant N-, K-, or H-ras peptide vaccine (limited to the specific N-, K-, or H-ras mutation in their bone marrow) intradermally on day 7. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 5 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at 2 and 6 weeks after the last vaccination.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25-70 patients will be accrued for this study over 12-15 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Vaccination of Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome Against Mutated RAS Proteins: A Pilot Trial
Study Start Date : June 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   17 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with 1 of the following classifications: Refractory anemia Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts Refractory anemia with excess blasts Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia History of MDS, received chemotherapy for acute leukemia within past 12 months, and now in remission Myelodysplastic disease must be stable (not anticipated to require chemotherapy for at least 4 months) Must have 1 of the following N-, K-, or H-ras peptide mutations: Progenitor cells contain aspartic acid, valine, or serine substitution at codon 12, OR Aspartic acid or arginine substitution at codon 13

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 17 Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1 Life expectancy: Greater than 5 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 50,000/mm3 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No other medical condition that might prevent completion of study or prevent immunological response to study regimen No other concurrent serious medical illness No active bleeding

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Endocrine therapy: No concurrent immunosuppressive drugs including systemic steroids or antiinflammatory drugs Radiotherapy: No prior irradiation of spleen Surgery: No prior splenectomy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003959

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Stephen D. Nimer, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003959     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98-037
First Posted: March 15, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
refractory anemia
refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs