Irinotecan and Cyclosporine in Treating Patients With Metastatic, Advanced or Locally Recurrent Colorectal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003950
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 27, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Cyclosporine may relieve the diarrhea caused by irinotecan.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of irinotecan and cyclosporine in treating patients who have metastatic, advanced, or locally recurrent colorectal cancer that has not responded to fluorouracil.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Drug: cyclosporine Drug: CPT-11 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response rate of patients with metastatic, advanced, or locally recurrent fluorouracil refractory adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum treated with irinotecan and cyclosporine. II. Determine antitumor activity, safety, tolerance, and toxicity of this combination treatment in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 6 hours and irinotecan IV over 90 minutes weekly for 4 weeks. Courses repeat every 6 weeks. Patients receive at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15-45 patients will be accrued for this study over 14 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Irinotecan (CPT-11) and Cyclosporine in Patients With 5-FU Refractory Advanced Colorectal Cancer
Study Start Date : January 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CPT-11 with Cyclosporine
Each cycle lasts 6 weeks. Administration of cyclosporine and CPT-11 weekly for 4 weeks followed by a 2 week 'rest' period with no drug given. Cyclosporine is given by IV infusion at a dose of 5 mg/kg. CPT-11 is given by IV infusion at a dose of 60 mg/m2.
Drug: cyclosporine
Other Name: Sandimmune®, Restatis®
Drug: CPT-11
Other Name: Irinotecan, Camptosar®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reduction in occurrences of severe diarrhea due to CPT-11 administration [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven metastatic, advanced, or locally recurrent fluorouracil (5-FU) refractory adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Progression of disease within 6 months of receiving adjuvant 5-FU based chemotherapy OR Progression of disease during or following completion of 5-FU based chemotherapy for metastatic disease No more than 1 failure with a 5-FU regimen for recurrent, advanced, or metastatic disease Failure on 5-FU adjuvant therapy must accompany failure on 5-FU therapy for metastatic disease Bidimensionally measurable disease CNS metastases allowed only with measurable disease in other sites Prior treatment for CNS metastases required

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL AST and ALT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: No other significant, uncontrolled underlying medical or psychiatric condition No serious active infection Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception Neurologically stable No other prior malignancy within past 5 years except curatively treated nonmelanomatous skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Prior adjuvant fluorouracil (5-FU) allowed No more than 2 prior 5-FU regimens (no more than 1 for recurrent or metastatic disease) No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormonal therapy (except contraceptives or replacement steroids) No concurrent IV steroids Radiotherapy: Prior radiotherapy allowed if measurable disease outside radiation port At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent anticonvulsant therapy No other concurrent experimental medications

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003950

United States, Illinois
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Louis A. Weiss Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60640
Cancer Care Specialists of Central Illinois, S.C.
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
Evanston Northwestern Health Care
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201
Division of Hematology/Oncology
Park Ridge, Illinois, United States, 60068
Oncology/Hematology Associates of Central Illinois, P.C.
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
Central Illinois Hematology Oncology Center
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62701
United States, Indiana
Fort Wayne Medical Oncology and Hematology, Inc.
Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States, 46885-5099
Michiana Hematology/Oncology P.C.
South Bend, Indiana, United States, 46617
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Hedy L. Kindler, MD University of Chicago

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: University of Chicago Identifier: NCT00003950     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9824
First Posted: April 27, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014

Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Calcineurin Inhibitors