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Liposomal Amphotericin B in Treating Granulocytopenia and Persistent Unexplained Fever in Cancer Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003938
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Liposomal amphotericin B may be effective in controlling fever and granulocytopenia. It is not yet known which regimen of liposomal amphotericin B is more effective in treating cancer patients who have these conditions.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two regimens of liposomal amphotericin B in treating granulocytopenia and fever in cancer patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Drug: liposomal amphotericin B Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the efficacy and side effects of amphotericin B-liposomal formulation initiated 72-84 hours vs 144-156 hours after onset of a febrile episode in cancer patients with granulocytopenia and persistent unexplained fever refractory to antibacterials.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to antifungal prophylaxis (yes vs no) and type of underlying condition. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive amphotericin B-liposomal formulation IV over 1 hour on day 3 of febrile neutropenia.
  • Arm II: Patients receive amphotericin B-liposomal formulation IV over 1 hour on day 6 of febrile neutropenia.

Treatment continues until signs and symptoms of the fungal infection appear or febrile neutropenia has resolved. Persistently neutropenic patients receive treatment for at least 10 days or until another cause of infection is determined.

Patients are followed weekly for 3 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 450 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 115 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Strategic Study to Determine the Optimal Moment to Initiate Systemic Antifungal Therapy With Ambisome in Granulocytopenic Cancer Patients With Unexplained Fever Refractory to Empirical Antibacterials
Study Start Date : June 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Fever
Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Multiple Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Myeloid Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphosarcoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma B-cell Lymphoma Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Neuroblastoma Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Myelodysplastic Syndromes Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Primary Myelofibrosis Polycythemia Vera Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Mycosis Fungoides Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Follicular Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Essential Thrombocythemia Burkitt Lymphoma Plasmablastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Hairy Cell Leukemia Wilms' Tumor Sezary Syndrome Adult T-cell Leukemia/lymphoma Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Plasmacytoma Granulocytopenia Testicular Seminoma Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Marginal Zone Lymphoma AL Amyloidosis Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Embryonal Carcinoma Choriocarcinoma Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor Polyembryoma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Hematologic malignancy or solid tumor
  • Must be undergoing remission induction and/or consolidation therapy for hematologic malignancy only OR
  • Must be undergoing allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation
  • Granulocyte count less than 500/mm^3 and profound granulocytopenia expected to last for greater than 5 days
  • Fever (greater than 38.5 degrees C) refractory for greater than 72 hours and less than 84 hours to broad spectrum antimicrobials, after exclusion of current bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic, and mycobacterial infections
  • Peripheral blood cultures and central venous catheter cultures negative for infections
  • No microbiological documentation of a bacterial infection (e.g., abscess at catheter site)
  • No invasive fungal infection
  • No probable noninfectious cause of fever



  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 40-100% OR
  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No prior anaphylactic reaction to amphotericin B
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that would prevent compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Normal chest X-ray or normal high resolution CT scan of the lungs


Biologic therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No concurrent active systemic antifungal agents or antifungal prophylaxis (e.g., azoles or polyenes)
  • No prior IV amphotericin B during same neutropenic episode
  • No change in antibacterial regimen within 48 hours prior to study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003938

Show Show 24 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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Study Chair: P. Ljungman, MD Karolinska Institutet
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00003938    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-19951
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage I adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance
stage IIIB breast cancer
recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage I cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
isolated plasmacytoma of bone
extramedullary plasmacytoma
refractory multiple myeloma
recurrent childhood rhabdomyosarcoma
stage II ovarian epithelial cancer
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer
disseminated neuroblastoma
recurrent neuroblastoma
recurrent Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors
stage 0 chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Body Temperature Changes
Amphotericin B
Liposomal amphotericin B
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antifungal Agents