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Eflornithine in Treating Patients With Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003814
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 20, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known if eflornithine is more effective than no further therapy in treating bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of eflornithine in treating patients who have newly diagnosed or recurrent bladder cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Drug: eflornithine Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether treatment with eflornithine is effective in preventing recurrence of tumor after transurethral resection in patients with low grade, superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. II. Determine the incidence and severity of toxicities associated with the long-term use of this drug in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease status (newly diagnosed vs recurrent), clinical stage (Ta vs T1), grade (G1 vs G2), and focus (multifocal vs unifocal). Patients receive either oral eflornithine or placebo once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months during the first 2 years, every 6 months for the third year, and then annually for the fourth year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 450 patients (225 per arm) will be accrued to this study within 1.5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 450 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind Study of DFMO vs. Placebo in Low Grade Superficial Bladder Cancer
Study Start Date : February 1999
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2007

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed low grade (grade 1 or 2), superficial (stage Ta or T1) transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder Newly diagnosed or recurrent All visible tumor must have been resected within the past 12 weeks Standard clinical management determined to be expectant observation without further surgery, intravesical therapy, or systemic therapy No prior upper tract TCC No history of grade 3 TCC, carcinoma in situ including severe dysplasia, non-TCC histology, or TCC greater than or equal to T2 No involvement of upper urinary tract prior to or at the time of initial tumor resection Abdominal CT scan, IVP, or retrograde pyelogram within the past 3 months to rule out upper urinary tract tumor

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No prior malignancy within the past 5 years and no concurrent malignancy except nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix No clinically significant hearing loss (i.e., hearing loss effects everyday life and/or wears a hearing aide) No other significant medical or psychiatric condition

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior growth factors No concurrent growth factors Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy for bladder cancer No concurrent intravesical therapy At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior high dose steroids or prednisone No concurrent high dose steroids No concurrent prednisone or its equivalent in excess of 10 mg/day Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy for bladder cancer At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 4 weeks since prior carbamazepine or experimental drugs No concurrent carbamazepine or experimental drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003814

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Mark Mayle Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003814    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066966
First Posted: February 20, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2013
Last Verified: May 2007
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage 0 bladder cancer
stage I bladder cancer
recurrent bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Trypanocidal Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Ornithine Decarboxylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action