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Chemotherapy Compared to Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Pancreas

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: December 18, 2013
Last verified: May 2007

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy is more effective than biological therapy in treating patients with cancer of the pancreas.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of gemcitabine with biological therapy in treating patients who have cancer of the pancreas that cannot be surgically removed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Biological: tumor infiltrating lymphocyte therapy
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Randomized Trial Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Systemic Chemotherapy (Gemcitabine) to Immunotherapy (CYTOIMPLANT - Intra Tumor Implants of Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Sensitized Against Patient Alloantigens by Mixed Lymphocyte Culture) as First Line Therapy for Patients With Unresectable Locally Advanced, and Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: December 1998
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of CYTOIMPLANT (intratumor implants of allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells sensitized against patient alloantigens by mixed lymphocyte culture) vs gemcitabine in patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. II. Compare the overall survival, progression free survival, objective tumor response, time to treatment failure, and quality of life of these patients. III. Compare the safety and toxicities of CYTOIMPLANT vs gemcitabine in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, multicenter study. Patients are randomly assigned (2:1 ratio in favor of CYTOIMPLANT arm) to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive gemcitabine IV weekly for 7 weeks, followed by 1 week of rest. In subsequent courses, patients then receive gemcitabine IV weekly for 3 weeks followed by a week of rest. Courses are repeated every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect lymphocytes. Patient lymphocytes are mixed with donor lymphocytes at the sponsor labs. The mixture is implanted into the tumor using endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle injection. This process may be repeated in the fifth month using different donor's lymphocytes. Follow up assessments may include physical exams, lab tests, CT scans, and quality of life assessments at 4 weeks and at 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 months from the date of randomization. Patients are then contacted every 3 months to assess status.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven stage II, III, or IV pancreatic cancer that is unresectable No symptomatic third space fluid collection (e.g., ascites, pleural effusion)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hematocrit at least 33% Hemoglobin at least 10.5 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 3.0 mg/dL SGOT or SGPT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No history of myocardial infarction within past 3 months No congestive heart failure Other: HIV negative No other prior malignancy except basal cell skin cancer No persistent fever greater than 102 degrees F (39 degrees C) unless caused by the pancreatic cancer Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior biologic therapy (e.g., interferons, interleukins) Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent systemic steroids Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: At least 30 days since prior surgery Decompressive surgery and endoscopic stenting (including expandable wire stents) allowed to relieve symptoms of disease Other: At least 30 days since prior investigational therapy Palliative care to relieve symptoms of disease allowed, including pain management and celiac block by endoscopic ultrasonography or percutaneously

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003780

United States, California
Meyer Pharmaceuticals, LLC
Irvine, California, United States, 92614
Sponsors and Collaborators
Meyer Pharmaceuticals
Study Chair: Michael F. O'Neill Meyer Pharmaceuticals
  More Information Identifier: NCT00003780     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066912
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: December 18, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017