Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Bladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2013
Last verified: May 2013

RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as BCG use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. It is not yet known which type of BCG is more effective for bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two different types of BCG in treating patients who have bladder cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bladder Cancer
Biological: Connaught
Biological: Tice
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Trial for the Comparison of Two BCG Strains (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) in the Prophylaxis of Papollary Bladder Tumors Stage Ta and T1 and Treatment of Carcinoma in Situ

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess role of prior exposition to mycobacteria [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Define role of fever occurrence as potential indicator for BCG reactivity [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: November 1998
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: BCG-Connaught Biological: Connaught
Compare two strains of BCG
Active Comparator: BCG Onko-Tice Biological: Tice
Compare two strains of BCG

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare two strains of BCG (Connaught vs Tice) in terms of efficacy (yearly relapse rate) and tolerability in patients with Ta or T1 papillary carcinoma of the urinary bladder or carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder. II. Assess the role of prior exposition to mycobacteria (vaccination/Tbc) for BCG treatment efficacy in these patients. III. Define the role of fever occurrence as a potential indicator for BCG reactivity in these patients. IV. Evaluate the p53 status of the resected tumors and IL-8 secretion into the urine as predictive factors of BCG reactivity in these patients. V. Evaluate disease free interval and disease free survival, time to progression, and overall survival in these patients. VI. Evaluate quality of life in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to center, T stage (Ta vs T1 vs CIS), and BCG immunization status (positive, i.e., greater than 10 mm diameter vs negative-indeterminate, i.e., less than 10 mm diameter). All patients undergo complete transurethral resection (TURB) to remove bladder tumors. A Mantoux test is performed. Patients with stage T1 disease undergo a second resection within 2-4 weeks after initial TURB. Patients are randomized to receive either BCG Onko-Tice (arm I) or BCG Connaught (arm II). Both arms receive BCG by catheter beginning 2-14 days after the last TURB. Patients must hold the BCG in the bladder for 2 hours. BCG is instilled once a week for 6 weeks. Quality of life is assessed before randomization, daily during first and last weeks of treatment, every 6 months for the first 2 years, and then annually thereafter. Patients are followed every 6 months for the first 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 300 patients will be accrued for this study within 6 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed completely resected T1 or Ta papillary tumors of the urinary bladder TaG2 greater than 2 relapses in 2 years TaG3 unifocal or multifocal Unifocal primary T1G2-3 after a histological tumor-free second resection If multiple/multifocal, worst stage and grade AND/OR Histologically and cytologically confirmed primary or secondary carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder No persistent T1 disease in second resection No contracted bladder (bladder capacity less than 80 mL) or bladder irritation within past 5 years No urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract or the urethra

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 90 Performance status: WHO 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Liver function no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Renal: Renal function no greater than 1.5 times ULN Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No other concurrent malignancies except basocellular carcinoma No congenital or acquired immunosuppression (e.g., HIV, leukemia, lymphoma, transplant recipient) No uncontrollable or untreated urinary tract infection No chronic recurring bacterial cystitis

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior BCG therapy Chemotherapy: At least 3 months since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 5 years since prior radiotherapy to the bladder Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: No prior tuberculostatic therapy No concurrent local antiseptics or antibiotics

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003779

Inselspital, Bern
Bern, Switzerland, CH-3010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Study Chair: George N. Thalmann, MD University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research Identifier: NCT00003779     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SAKK 06/98
SWS-SAKK-06/98 ( Other Identifier: SAKK )
EU-98075 ( Other Identifier: SAKK )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: May 16, 2013

Keywords provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:
stage 0 bladder cancer
stage I bladder cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases processed this record on May 25, 2017