Thalidomide and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Children With Recurrent or Refractory Childhood Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003754
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 9, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Thalidomide may kill tumor cells by stopping the growth of new blood vessels to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining thalidomide with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining thalidomide and cyclophosphamide in treating children who have recurrent or refractory childhood cancers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: thalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy and toxic effects of thalidomide and cyclophosphamide in patients with recurrent or refractory pediatric malignancies.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral thalidomide 4 times daily. Cyclophosphamide is administered IV over 1 hour once every 4 weeks, beginning on the same day as thalidomide. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Tumor response is assessed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45-80 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Thalidomide and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Malignancies
Study Start Date : September 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2001

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven pediatric malignancy, except when there is appearance consistent with brainstem tumor on MRI, a tumor marker positive for germ cell tumor, or ophthalmologic diagnosis of intraocular retinoblastoma Failed conventional treatment or conventional therapy is not available Measurable disease by MRI, CT scan, biochemical tumor markers, cytology, or bone marrow examination

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: Lansky 60-100% OR Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 750/mm3 (between 300-750/mm3, if due to bone marrow infiltration by malignancy) Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 (between 20,000-75,000/mm3, if due to bone marrow infiltration by malignancy) Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL ALT less than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Renal: Creatinine less than 2 times ULN OR Creatinine clearance at least 70 mL/min Neurologic: No peripheral neuropathy grade 3 or 4 No seizure disorder in patients without CNS malignancies Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy tests during study and for 1 month after final dose of thalidomide Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 1 month after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics No limit on the number of prior agents or regimens received Biologic therapy: Prior bone marrow transplantation allowed Chemotherapy: Recovered from prior chemotherapy No prior thalidomide Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery (2 weeks for minor surgery, excluding central venous catheter placement procedures)

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003754

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Ira Dunkel, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00003754     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98-088
CDR0000066878 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: April 9, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
unspecified childhood solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors