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Dimethylxanthenone Acetic Acid in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003697
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Dimethylxanthenone acetic acid may stop the growth of cancer cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of dimethylxanthenone acetic acid in treating patients with solid tumors that have not responded to previous therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: vadimezan Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of dimethylxanthenone acetic acid (DMXAA) in patients with solid tumors. II. Establish a maximum tolerated dose for this drug in these patients. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of DMXAA in these patients. IV. Determine the effect of this regimen on coagulation parameters, TNF and other cytokine production, nitric oxide, and serotonin production in these patients. V. Assess the efficacy of this drug in this patient population. VI. Determine the effect of this drug on tumor vasculature by evaluating any changes apparent on MRI scans in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients receive dimethylxanthenone acetic acid (DMXAA) IV over 20 minutes once weekly for 6 weeks, followed by 2 weeks of rest. An additional course of therapy may be administered in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Cohorts of 3 patients receive escalated doses of DMXAA until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 patients experience dose limiting toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 3 patients will be accrued to each dose level used to determine the maximum tolerated dose.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 3 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of 5, 6 Dimethyl Xanthenone - 4 - Acetic Acid (DMXAA) in Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : October 1995
Actual Study Completion Date : December 1998

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed solid tumor that is not amenable to any standard therapy or is refractory to conventional therapy Tumor mass larger than 3 cm accessible to MRI scan Documented progression within the past 2 months

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 75 Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 3 months Hematopoietic: Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.2 mg/dL ALT less than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Alkaline phosphatase less than 2 times ULN Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL Other: Fertile patients must use effective contraception No concurrent malignancy except cone biopsied carcinoma in situ of the cervix and adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin No other serious medical condition No uncontrolled infection or serious infection within the past 28 days Must live within 1 hour of Mount Vernon Hospital, UK

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: At least 4 weeks since prior anticancer therapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas and mitomycin) and recovered

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003697

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United Kingdom
Mount Vernon Hospital
Northwood, England, United Kingdom, HA6 2RN
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Glasgow
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Study Chair: Gordon J.S. Rustin, MD Mount Vernon Cancer Centre at Mount Vernon Hospital
Publications of Results:
Rustin GJ, Galbraith S, Taylor N, et al.: Impact on tumour perfusion measured by dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the phase I trial of 5,6-dimethyl xanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA). [Abstract] Ann Oncol 9 (suppl 2): A-483, 126, 1998.
Jameson M, Thompson P, Baguley B, et al.: Comparative pharmacokinetics and plasma protein binding of the novel anti-cancer agent 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid in humans and mice. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology A-746, 1997.

Other Publications:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003697    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066804
First Posted: May 20, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2013
Last Verified: June 2009
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents