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Standard Chemotherapy Compared With High-Dose Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Women With Advanced or Inflammatory Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003680
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 3, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether high-dose chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation is more effective than standard chemotherapy for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of standard chemotherapy with that of high-dose chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating women who have advanced breast cancer or inflammatory breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: CMF regimen Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: fluorouracil Drug: methotrexate Drug: tamoxifen citrate Drug: thiotepa Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the overall survival in locally advanced, inflammatory, or operable large primary breast cancer (greater than 3 cm) patients with positive axillary lymph nodes at surgery following primary chemotherapy, receiving either conventional chemotherapy or high dose chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy. II. Compare the relapse-free survival and quality of life in these patients receiving this therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter, open label study. Patients are stratified by study center and number of positive axillary lymph nodes at surgery. Patients are randomized to receive conventional or high dose adjuvant chemotherapy. Arm I: Patients receive conventional chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil IV administered once every 3 weeks for 8 courses. Arm II: Patients receive high dose chemotherapy. Cyclophosphamide IV is administered on day 1. Patients undergo peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) collection, then receive cyclophosphamide and thiotepa IV for 4 days, 13-28 days after PBPC collection. Peripheral blood progenitor cells are then reinfused. Patients undergo radiotherapy during or after chemotherapy and receive oral tamoxifen for 5 years, beginning at the same time as radiotherapy. Estrogen receptor negative patients may receive tamoxifen at the discretion of the treating physician. Quality of life is assessed before chemotherapy, then at 6, 12, and 24 months. Patients are followed at 12, 18, and 24 months, then annually for 5 years or until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue approximately 300 patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised Comparative Trial of Highly Intensive Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Support vs. Relatively Intensive Chemotherapy (CMF 8 Cycles) in Breast Cancer Patients Node Positive Surgery, Having Received Primary Medical Therapy With an Anthracycline Regimen
Study Start Date : November 1998

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven locally advanced, inflammatory, or operable large primary breast cancer (greater than 3 cm) following 2-6 courses of primary anthracycline-containing chemotherapy Potentially curative surgery At least 1 axillary lymph node involvement at surgery No metastatic disease Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 60 Sex: Female Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 9 g/dL Hepatic: Normal prothrombin time Normal activated partial thromboplastin time Normal bilirubin (except for patients with benign congenital hyperbilirubinemia) AST/ALT no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 1.5 times ULN No active hepatitis B or C infection Renal: Normal creatinine Cardiovascular: Adequate cardiac function No active cardiac disease Left ventricular ejection fraction within normal range Other: No other serious medical or psychiatric disease Not pregnant No prior/concurrent malignancy except basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix HIV negative OR asymptomatic for HIV disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Prior surgery required

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003680

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United Kingdom
C.R.C. Beatson Laboratories
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G61 1BD
Sponsors and Collaborators
Scottish Cancer Therapy Network
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Study Chair: T.R.J. Evans Beatson Institute for Cancer Research - Glasgow

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003680     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066782
First Posted: May 3, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2013
Last Verified: May 2007
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III breast cancer
inflammatory breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists