Combination Chemotherapy and Biological Therapy In Treating Patients With Kidney Cancer That Is Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed Surgically

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003664
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2000 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill kidney cancer cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Combining chemotherapy with biological therapy may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and biological therapy in treating patients with kidney cancer that is metastatic or cannot be removed surgically.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Biological: aldesleukin Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Drug: fluorouracil Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxic effects of interferon alfa, interleukin-2, gemcitabine, and fluorouracil in patients with metastatic or unresectable renal cell cancer. II. Evaluate the feasibility and possible therapeutic anticancer efficacy of this therapy in these patients. III. Determine the duration of response, survival, and improvement of quality of life in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive fluorouracil IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, followed by gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 29, 36, 43, and 50. Interferon alfa is administered subcutaneously 3 times weekly beginning on day 1. Beginning on day 2, interleukin-2 is administered subcutaneously 3 times weekly for the first 4 weeks of the treatment course. Treatment is repeated every 8 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxic effects and disease progression. Following chemobiotherapy, maintenance therapy is administered to patients with stable or responding disease. Patients receive subcutaneous interferon alfa 3 times weekly at the maximum tolerated dose until disease progression or for a maximum of 1 year. A quality of life assessment is completed weekly. Patients are followed until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study within 18-24 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Chemobiotherapy With Gemcitabine, 5-Fluorouracil, Interleukin-2 and Alpha Interferon in Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Renal Cell Cancer. A Phase II Study
Study Start Date : October 1998

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven metastatic or unresectable carcinoma of the kidney No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 70 Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 4 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Granulocyte count at least 2,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 PT no greater than 1.3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Hematocrit at least 28% Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL SGOT no greater than 1.25 times ULN (unless due to tumor) Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL Calcium less than 12 mg/dL Proteinuria no greater than 2.0 by dipstick Cardiovascular: No active angina No uncontrolled congestive heart failure No uncontrolled arrhythmias No myocardial infarction within 6 months Pulmonary: No significant pulmonary disease (RA pO2 less than 60 or pCO2 greater than 50) Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception HIV negative No active infection No daily emesis or inability to tolerate solid foods No prior or concurrent second malignancy within 2 years, except: Nonmelanoma skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No sever diarrhea (greater than 4 watery stools per day) No active pelvic inflammatory disease No inflammatory bowel disease No uncontrolled seizure disorders No personal or family history of malignant hyperthermia No recent thromboembolism or any condition requiring concurrent anticoagulation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No other concurrent biologic therapy Chemotherapy: No prior gemcitabine No prior fluorouracil other than adjuvant fluorouracil received at least 1 year prior to study No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Concurrent corticosteroids not allowed (except for nausea or vomiting) Radiotherapy: At least 14 days since prior radiation to axial skeleton No concurrent radiotherapy (except to local lesions) Surgery: At least 14 days since prior exploration and biopsy At least 21 days since prior resection with anastomosis No major organ allograft Other: No concurrent barbiturates No concurrent oral anticoagulants No other concurrent investigational drugs or devices

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003664

United States, Indiana
Bloomington Hospital
Bloomington, Indiana, United States, 47402
United States, Nebraska
Bergan Mercy Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68124
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer Biotherapy Research Group
Study Chair: Gamini S. Soori, MD, FACP, FRCP, MBA Cancer Biotherapy Research Group Identifier: NCT00003664     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066757
First Posted: July 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2013
Last Verified: September 2000

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV renal cell cancer
recurrent renal cell cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents