Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Stem Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003625
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 13, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed brain stem glioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Tumors Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: cyclosporine Drug: etoposide Drug: vincristine sulfate Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose limiting toxicity of vincristine given as an IV push dose in combination with continuous infusion cyclosporine and oral etoposide concurrent with and prior to radiotherapy in children with newly diagnosed primary intrinsic brain stem glioma. II. Determine the incidence and severity of other toxicities of vincristine in this regimen in these patients. III. Determine a safe and tolerable dose of vincristine under these conditions to be used in phase II studies. IV. Seek preliminary evidence of antitumor activity in this setting in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is dose escalation study of vincristine. Patients receive radiotherapy daily for 6 weeks with concurrent induction chemotherapy. Induction chemotherapy consists of vincristine IV push weekly for 6 weeks, oral etoposide daily on days 1-21 and 29-49 and cyclosporine IV over 2 hours prior to vincristine followed by a continuous 36 hour infusion. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of vincristine. If dose limiting toxicity (DLT) occurs in 2 or more of 3-6 patients, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) has been exceeded and the preceding dose is declared the MTD. Maintenance therapy consists of 6 monthly courses of cyclosporine IV over 36 hours beginning on day 1, vincristine IV push on day 1, and oral etoposide daily for days 1-21. Patients are followed every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 6 patients will be accrued into this study at a rate of 12 patients per year.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Vincristine, Etoposide and Cyclosporine A in Concert With Standard Dose Radiation Therapy in Diffuse Intrinsic Brain Stem Glioma - A Phase I Study of Dose Escalation of Vincristine
Study Start Date : December 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2006

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stratum 1
Concomitant irradiation and vincristine sulfate in esc dose beginning with 0.8 mg/m2, etoposide and Cyclosporine A given over 6 weeks, then monthly maint courses over 6 mths, with no clinical and radiologic progression. Stable disease indicates continuation of therapy. Clinical deterioration within 4 months of completion of radiation therapy must be confirmed to be PD by imaging. Clinical progression even in the absence of imaging changes will be accepted as reflecting disease progression. Steroids dexamethasone (Decadron) given as clinically indicated and tapered as tolerated. Steroids may decrease capillary permeability to chemotherapeutic agents and antagonise the effect of cyclosporin A. Also contributes to the syndrome of seizures and white matter changes seen with cyclosporine in the post BMT period. If steroid use is required, the recommended schedule of Decadron dosing during the 6 week induction course is 8 mg/m2 divided q 6-8 hours.
Drug: cyclosporine
Other Names:
  • CSA
  • NSC # 290193

Drug: etoposide
Other Names:
  • VP-16
  • VePesid
  • NSC # 141540

Drug: vincristine sulfate
Other Names:
  • VCR
  • Oncovin
  • NSC # 067574

Radiation: radiation therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event Free Survival

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic brain stem glioma by MRI Biopsy is neither necessary nor encouraged A least two-thirds of the tumor is in the pons Origin of the tumor is clearly in the pons Must be registered within 28 days of diagnosis Clinical history less than 6 months duration (cranial nerve deficit, long tract signs, or ataxia) No diffuse leptomeningeal disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 3 to 21 Performance status: Karnofsky or Lansky 50-100% Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hepatic: SGPT less than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine normal for age OR Creatinine clearance greater than 70 mL/min

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior biologic therapy Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Prior steroids at stable or decreasing doses allowed Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: No other concurrent investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003625

  Show 74 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Mark L. Greenberg, MD The Hospital for Sick Children

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003625     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9879
First Posted: September 13, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Children's Oncology Group:
untreated childhood brain stem glioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Etoposide phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents