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Rituximab in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 17, 2013
Last verified: March 2008

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of the monoclonal antibody rituximab in treating patients with multiple myeloma that is newly diagnosed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Biological: rituximab Drug: melphalan Drug: prednisone Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Rituxan in the Management of Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 1998
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the role of rituximab in inducing apoptosis of malignant plasma cells in patients with multiple myeloma. II. Evaluate the role of this regimen in improving the response rate to melphalan and prednisone in these patients. III. Determine whether the regimen decreases residual disease in these patients. IV. Evaluate the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive rituximab IV every week for 4 weeks. Treatment is repeated every 6 months for six courses. Treatment may be discontinued after four courses if uncontrolled infection occurs. Patients also receive oral melphalan and prednisone for 4 days which begin after the first course of rituximab. Treatment is repeated every 4-6 weeks for at least nine courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 12-24 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma Eligible if pancytopenia related to multiple myeloma At least 50% plasma cells in the bone marrow OR Splenomegaly OR Plasma cell leukemia No solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma or plasma cell dyscrasia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: If less than 50% plasma cells in bone marrow: WBC at least 2,500/mm3 OR Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3 (greater than 500/mm3 if platelet count at least 75,000/mm3) Platelet count greater than 45,000/mm3 (thrombocytopenia related to idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or vitamin B12 or folate deficiency allowed) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) ALT or AST less than 2 times ULN (if greater than one third of liver involved, then no greater than 5 times ULN) No severe hepatic disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: No severe infection requiring intravenous antibiotics Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No prior malignancy within 5 years except for treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix No Type I hypersensitivity or anaphylactic reactions to murine proteins or to any component of rituximab

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior bone marrow transplantation Concurrent sargramostim (GM-CSF) allowed for severe, symptomatic neutropenia Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since investigational drugs Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent use of investigational drugs or devices Concurrent epoetin alfa allowed for anemia Plasmapheresis allowed at study onset to treat renal failure

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003554

United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cleveland Clinic
Study Chair: Mohamad A. Hussein, MD The Cleveland Clinic
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00003554     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCF-IRB-2603
CDR0000066613 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 17, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on June 23, 2017