This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Tamoxifen in Treating Patients With Primary Liver Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 25, 2013
Last verified: August 2009

RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of cancer cells. Hormone therapy using tamoxifen may fight liver cancer by blocking the absorption of estrogen. It is not yet known whether receiving tamoxifen is more effective than no further therapy in treating patients with primary liver cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare high-dose tamoxifen with no further treatment in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be surgically removed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Liver Cancer Drug: tamoxifen citrate Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomised Trial of Tamoxifen Versus Placebo for the Treatment of Inoperable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: April 1997
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the therapeutic role of tamoxifen in patients with inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma in terms of overall survival and quality of life.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study of tamoxifen. Patients are randomized to one of 3 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive placebo orally twice daily for one year. Arms II and III: Patients receive tamoxifen, at 1 of 2 different doses, orally twice daily for one year. Quality of life is assessed before treatment and then monthly thereafter. Patients are followed monthly until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 300 patients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 90 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or radiologically confirmed inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma Serum alfa-feto protein level at least 500 ug/L OR Positive lipiodol uptake

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 10 to 90 Performance status: ECOG 0-3 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine less than 1.7 mg/dL Other: No encephalopathy

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemoembolization therapy for disease No prior systemic chemotherapy for disease Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: No prior surgery for disease Other: No prior percutaneous injection

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003424

Hong Kong
Prince of Wales Hospital
Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
University of Udayana
Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Bangi, Malaysia, 43600
New Zealand
Wellington Cancer Centre
Wellington, New Zealand, 6039
National Cancer Institute - Karachi
Karachi, Pakistan
Nishtar Medical College, Multan
Multan, Pakistan
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Singapore, Singapore, 1130
National Cancer Centre - Singapore
Singapore, Singapore, 169608
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Medical Research Council (NMRC), Singapore
Study Chair: Pierce Chow, MD, PhD, MBBS, FRCS, FAMS National Cancer Centre, Singapore
  More Information Identifier: NCT00003424     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NMRC-AHCC01
CDR0000066444 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: June 25, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
advanced adult primary liver cancer
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents processed this record on August 16, 2017