S9805, High-Dose Melphalan Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation Followed by Interferon Alfa in Treating Patients With Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003416
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 3, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2015
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy and kill more tumor cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of high-dose melphalan plus peripheral stem cell transplantation followed by interferon alfa in treating patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Biological: filgrastim Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Drug: dexamethasone Drug: melphalan Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess remission rates and overall and progression-free survival in patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia treated with tandem high dose melphalan supported by peripheral blood stem cell support. II. Assess the associated hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Regimen A (dexamethasone induction): All patients receive high dose dexamethasone orally on days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20; courses repeat every 35 days for a total of 3 courses. Regimen B (stem cell mobilization and collection): Following a 4-6 week break after dexamethasone induction and regardless of response or progression, patients have stem cells collected following administration of filgrastim (G-CSF) by injection; G-CSF continues until completion of stem cell collection (maximum of 6 aphereses). Regimen C (first peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT)): Regardless of disease progression, patients recovered from toxicities from dexamethasone induction and stem cell mobilization and collection, and who have adequate number of CD34 cells collected for at least 1 transplant, receive 1 dose of melphalan daily for 2 days followed by peripheral stem cell reinfusion. G-CSF is given by injection beginning on the day after peripheral stem cell reinfusion and continues until the absolute granulocyte count is greater than 1,000/mm3 on 3 consecutive days. Regimen D (second PBSCT): Patients who had adequate stem cell collection for 2 transplants during regimen B, have no evidence of disease progression after the first transplant, and have recovered from effects of previous treatment undergo a second treatment with high dose melphalan with PBSCT and G-CSF support, given 3-12 months following the first transplant. Patients who had enough cells collected for only one transplant go directly to regimen E. Regimen E (maintenance interferon alfa): Beginning 5-12 weeks after transplant and upon hematologic recovery of blood counts and other toxicities, patients with at least a partial response after high dose melphalan and PBSCT receive subcutaneous interferon alfa injections 3 times a week for 5 years or until disease progression, relapse, or toxicity. Patients are followed every month for 6 months, then every 3 months for 5 years, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study over 4 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: S9805, Phase II Study of Tandem High Dose Melphalan Supported by Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Support in Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia (WM)
Study Start Date : September 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2004

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: treatment


dexamethasone 40 mg/d PO D1-4,9-12,17-20 q35 days x 3 cycles

SC Collection:

cyclophosphamide 1.5gm/m2 IV q3 hrs x 2 mesna 3 gm/m2 conIV start with cyclo GCSF 5mcg/kg/d SQ start 1 day after cyclo until WBC > 50,000/mcg

Trans (x2):

melphalan 100 mg/m2/d IV D-1,-2 PBSC infusion D0


interferon 3 million units/m2 SQ 3x/wk

Biological: filgrastim Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Drug: dexamethasone Drug: melphalan Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. confirmed remission rate [ Time Frame: until death ]
  2. overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: until death ]
  3. progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: until death ]
  4. toxicity [ Time Frame: until death ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 69 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Immunologically diagnosed Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) Evaluable quantifiable IgM One of the following criteria must be met: 1) Patient demonstrates clinical symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, visual inacuity, or hemorrhagic manifestations of WM with anemia, hyperviscosity, thrombocytopenia, or coagulopathies 2) Advanced tumor mass present involving ONE of the following: Extensive lymphadenopathy (greater than 2 cm) Hepato or splenomegaly palpable on clinical examination Marked bone marrow infiltration greater than 50% 3) Progressive disease; i.e., increase in IgM concentration by at least 50%, and/or a drop of greater than 2 g/dL in hemoglobin (in the absence of gastrointestinal bleeding), and/or a greater than 50,000/mm3 decrease in platelets

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Under 70 Performance status: SWOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: At least 6 months since myocardial infarction No congestive heart failure No arrhythmia refractory to therapy Ejection fraction within normal range by MUGA or ECHO Pulmonary: FEV1 at least 50% of predicted DLCO at least 50% of predicted Other: Not pregnant or nursing Effective contraception required of fertile patients No significant comorbid condition No uncontrolled life-threatening infection No uncontrolled diabetes No other malignancy within past 5 years except adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in remission HIV negative Hepatitis B surface antigen negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since chemotherapy and recovered Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since radiotherapy and recovered Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003416

  Show 84 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Madhav Dhodapkar, MD Rockefeller University

Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003416     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S9805
S9805 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 3, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
Waldenström macroglobulinemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists