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Carboplatin, Paclitaxel, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Removed During Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003387
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 26, 2003
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving chemotherapy before combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy is more effective than combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy alone in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy with radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed during surgery.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: chemotherapy Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effects of concurrent chemoradiotherapy utilizing carboplatin and paclitaxel with or without prior induction chemotherapy on overall response rate, disease-free survival, and overall survival in patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer. II. Compare the effects of these treatments on locoregional vs distant failure in these patients. III. Compare the toxicity of these treatments in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by measurable vs evaluable disease. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: Arm I (immediate concurrent chemoradiotherapy): Patients receive IV paclitaxel over 1 hour followed by IV carboplatin over 30 minutes on day 1, and radiation therapy to the chest 5 times a week beginning on day 1. Treatment repeats weekly for a total of 7 courses. Arm II (induction chemotherapy followed by delayed concurrent chemoradiotherapy): Patients receive IV paclitaxel over 3 hours followed by IV carboplatin over 30 minutes; treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses. Patients then receive 7 courses of concurrent chemoradiotherapy as in Arm I. Total treatment time is 13 weeks. Patients are followed every 2 months for 2 years, then every 4 months for the next 2 years, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 360 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 366 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Concurrent Carboplatin, Paclitaxel, and Radiation Therapy Versus Induction Carboplatin and Paclitaxel Followed by Concurrent Carboplatin, Paclitaxel and Radiation Therapy for Patients With Unresectable Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Phase III Trial
Study Start Date : July 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Chemo + radiation Drug: carboplatin
Drug: chemotherapy
Drug: paclitaxel
Radiation: radiation therapy
Experimental: Induction chemo + chemo & radiation Drug: carboplatin
Drug: chemotherapy
Drug: paclitaxel
Radiation: radiation therapy



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  2. overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  3. disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer, including: Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma (including bronchoalveolar cell) Large cell anaplastic carcinoma (including giant and clear cell carcinomas) Inoperable or unresectable stage IIIA or IIIB disease of the following stage groupings: T1 N2 M0 or T2 N2 M0 T3 N2 M0 and T4 N0-2 M0 eligible if staging is based on closeness to the carina or invasion of the mediastinum or chest wall Patients with contralateral mediastinal disease (N3) or tumors adjacent to but not invading a vertebral body are eligible if all gross disease can be encompassed in the study radiation boost field Patients with a transudate, cytologically negative, nonbloody pleural effusion are eligible if the tumor can be encompassed within a reasonable field of radiotherapy Measurable or evaluable disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: CALBG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL AST less than 2 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 20 mL/min Other: Not pregnant or nursing Effective contraception required of fertile patients No active second malignancy except nonmelanomatous skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormones except for steroids administered for adrenal failure or septic shock, or hormones administered for non-disease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes) Glucocorticosteroids permitted as antiemetics Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: At least 2 weeks since exploratory thoracotomy


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003387


  Show 47 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Everett E. Vokes, MD University of Chicago

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003387     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CALGB-39801
U10CA031946 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CLB-39801
CDR0000066383 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Physician Data Query )
First Posted: November 26, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 20, 2016
Last Verified: July 2016

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage III non-small cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action