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Two-Drug Combination Chemotherapy Compared With Four-Drug Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Cancer of the Urothelium

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003376
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 9, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known if four-drug combination chemotherapy is more effective than two-drug combination chemotherapy in treating advanced cancer of the urothelium.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of four-drug combination chemotherapy with that of two-drug combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have advanced cancer of the urothelium.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Urethral Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: methotrexate Drug: paclitaxel Drug: vinblastine Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the objective response rate, duration of remission, overall survival, and quality of life of patients with progressing regional or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma (or mixed histologies with a component of transitional cell carcinoma) of the urothelium treated with methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin vs carboplatin and paclitaxel. II. Compare the relative toxic effects of these treatment regimens in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 15, and 22; vinblastine IV on days 2, 15, and 22; and cisplatin IV over 2 hours and doxorubicin IV on day 2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Arm II: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours immediately followed by carboplatin IV over 30 minutes. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a total of 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Quality of life is assessed before treatment, before courses 2 and 4, at 4 weeks after last course, and at 10 months. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months until disease progression.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 330 patients will be accrued for this study within 3.3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 330 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Trial of Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Doxorubicin and Cisplatin vs Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in Advanced Carcinoma of the Urothelium
Study Start Date : September 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2005

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra) or mixed histologies containing a component of transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium with manifestations of progressing regional or metastatic cancer Clinically unsuspected organ-confined prostate cancer found during cystoprostatectomy allowed Evaluable or measurable disease No significant pericardial or pleural effusion or edema No significant ascites No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: AST no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No history of severe cardiovascular disease (American Heart Association class III or IV), uncontrolled congestive heart failure, or cardiac dysrhythmias Other: Prior malignancy allowed if curatively treated with no evidence of recurrence No active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior systemic biologic response modifier therapy No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) within 24 hours prior to and after study chemotherapy administration Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior pelvic radiotherapy as a component of bladder-sparing therapy or as an adjuvant for locally advanced disease with positive margins No concurrent local radiotherapy for pain control or life-threatening situations Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003376

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
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Study Chair: Bruce J. Roth, MD Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Study Chair: Martin J. Edelman, MD Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Baltimore

Publications of Results:
Dreicer R, Manola J, Roth B, et al.: ECOG 4897: phase III trial of methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (M-VAC) versus carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced carcinoma of the urothelium. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-1542, 2003.

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Responsible Party: Group Chair, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003376     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066368
First Posted: April 9, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 27, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010
Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
stage III bladder cancer
stage IV bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder
anterior urethral cancer
posterior urethral cancer
urethral cancer associated with invasive bladder cancer
metastatic transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter
regional transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urethral Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Ureteral Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Urethral Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Diseases
Ureteral Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators