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Vaccine Therapy Plus Immune Adjuvants in Treating Patients With Advanced Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003362
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 26, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2013
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides that are found on melanoma cells may make the body build an immune response and kill melanoma cells. Combining vaccine therapy with immune adjuvants, such as GM-CSF, Montanide ISA-51, or QS21, may be a more effective treatment for advanced melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of gp 100-tyrosinase peptide vaccine with one of the immune adjuvants GM-CSF, Montanide ISA-51, or QS21 in treating patients who have stage III or stage IV melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: QS21 Biological: gp100 antigen Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: sargramostim Biological: tyrosinase peptide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the immunogenicity of gp100-tyrosinase peptide vaccine with sargramostim (GM-CSF), Montanide ISA-51, or QS21 as adjuvant in patients with advanced melanoma. II. Determine the toxicity of this multiepitope melanoma peptide vaccine in conjunction with these 3 adjuvants in these patients. III. Evaluate the antitumor effects of this multiepitope melanoma peptide vaccine in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to age (65 years and under vs more than 65 years) and previous systemic chemotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms: Arm I (Sargramostim (GM-CSF) as adjuvant): Patients receive 3 monthly vaccinations with gp100-tyrosinase peptide vaccine administered intradermally during weeks 1, 5, and 9. For each vaccination, GM-CSF is administered intradermally on days 1-10; the vaccine is administered on day 7. Arm II (Montanide ISA-51): Patients receive 3 monthly vaccinations with gp100-tyrosinase peptide vaccine mixed with Montanide ISA-51 and administered subcutaneously (SQ) during weeks 1, 5, and 9. Arm III (QS21 as adjuvant): Patients receive 3 monthly vaccinations with gp100-tyrosinase peptide vaccine mixed with QS21 and administered SQ during weeks 1, 5, and 9. Patients with stable or responding disease may receive 3 additional monthly immunizations beginning 3-6 months following completion of 1 course of immunizations if there is evidence of T cell response against either wild type peptide. Patients are followed at weeks 13 and 17.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 27 patients will be accrued for this study within 18-24 months.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Trial of Multi-Epitope Melanoma Peptide Vaccine Using GM-CSF, Montanide and QS-21 as Adjuvants
Study Start Date : May 1998
Primary Completion Date : February 2001
Study Completion Date : February 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed unresectable stage III or stage IV melanoma Patients who are disease free following surgical resection or chemotherapy for stage III or IV disease also eligible HLA-A201 positive

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 5 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 LDH no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal No active bleeding Hepatic: Albumin at least 3.5 mg/dL Renal: Not specified Other: Not pregnant or less than 3 months postpartum Fertile patients must use effective contraception No serious underlying medical conditions No known immunodeficiency No active infection No retinal or choroidal eye disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered No prior tyrosinase or gp100 peptides No prior Montanide ISA-51 No prior melanoma protein vaccine or melanoma whole cell vaccines No other concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 2 weeks since prior systemic steroids and recovered No concurrent systemic steroids Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No prior radiotherapy to the spleen No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Recovered from any prior surgery No prior splenectomy Other: At least 1 week since prior antiinflammatory drugs and recovered At least 1 week since prior antihistamines and recovered No concurrent antiinflammatory drugs No concurrent antihistamines No concurrent antimicrobial drugs

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003362

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Paul B. Chapman, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003362     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98-012
CDR0000066345 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: August 26, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
QS 21
Freund's Adjuvant
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs