Cyclophosphamide Plus Topotecan in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003340
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of cyclophosphamide plus topotecan in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: topotecan hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the efficacy of cyclophosphamide followed by topotecan in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myelogenous leukemia. II. Confirm safety and tolerability of this combination on this schedule in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously over 1 hour on day 1 followed by topotecan as a continuous 120 hour infusion starting 12 hours after completion of cyclophosphamide. Treatment may be repeated every 3-6 weeks for at least 2 courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 26 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Cyclophosphamide Followed by Topotecan in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Study Start Date : November 1997
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2000

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven acute myelogenous leukemia by bone marrow aspirate or biopsy Clear evidence of relapse or residual disease with greater than 5% blasts on bone marrow examination or greater than 30% peripheral blasts No active CNS leukemia Not eligible for potentially curative allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation without further surgery Must have failed to achieve a complete remission with conventional chemotherapy (cytarabine based) or have relapsed within 12 months after initial remission

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.6 mg/dL (unless due to disease) Renal: Creatinine less than 1.6 mg/dL (unless due to disease) No prior hemorrhagic cystitis Other: Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception No active uncontrolled infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior chemotherapy No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Must have recovered from prior radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003340

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Oncology Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Carole Miller, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00003340     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J9736 CDR0000066314
First Posted: August 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2014
Last Verified: May 2014

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors