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Cyclophosphamide Plus Topotecan in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: May 1, 2014
Last verified: May 2014

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of cyclophosphamide plus topotecan in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: topotecan hydrochloride Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Cyclophosphamide Followed by Topotecan in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: November 1997
Study Completion Date: February 2000
Primary Completion Date: February 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the efficacy of cyclophosphamide followed by topotecan in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myelogenous leukemia. II. Confirm safety and tolerability of this combination on this schedule in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously over 1 hour on day 1 followed by topotecan as a continuous 120 hour infusion starting 12 hours after completion of cyclophosphamide. Treatment may be repeated every 3-6 weeks for at least 2 courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 26 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven acute myelogenous leukemia by bone marrow aspirate or biopsy Clear evidence of relapse or residual disease with greater than 5% blasts on bone marrow examination or greater than 30% peripheral blasts No active CNS leukemia Not eligible for potentially curative allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation without further surgery Must have failed to achieve a complete remission with conventional chemotherapy (cytarabine based) or have relapsed within 12 months after initial remission

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.6 mg/dL (unless due to disease) Renal: Creatinine less than 1.6 mg/dL (unless due to disease) No prior hemorrhagic cystitis Other: Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception No active uncontrolled infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior chemotherapy No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Must have recovered from prior radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003340

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Oncology Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Carole Miller, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00003340     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J9736 CDR0000066314
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: May 1, 2014

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on July 21, 2017