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Amifostine in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: November 19, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

RATIONALE: Amifostine may be an effective treatment for the toxic side effects caused by radiation therapy and chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and radiation therapy are more effective with or without amifostine for non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of amifostine in treating patients who have stage II or stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be surgically removed and who are undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ Lung Cancer Oral Complications Radiation Toxicity Biological: filgrastim Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: carboplatin Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study of Amifostine Mucosal Protection for Patients With Favorable Performance Inoperable Stage II-III A/B Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Receiving Sequential Induction and Concurrent Hyperfractionated Radiotherapy With Paclitaxel and Carboplatin

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:

Enrollment: 243
Study Start Date: September 1998
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy + Amifostine
Biological: filgrastim Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: carboplatin Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy
Active Comparator: Arm 2
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone
Biological: filgrastim Drug: carboplatin Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate whether the addition of the radioprotector amifostine can reduce the incidence and severity of non-hematologic toxicity, specifically esophagitis and pneumonitis, during concurrent hyperfractionated radiotherapy and chemotherapy (with paclitaxel and carboplatin) in patients with stage II, IIIA, or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer. II. Evaluate the differences in quality of life and symptom distress, specifically dysphagia, between patients receiving amifostine and those not receiving amifostine. III. Evaluate the relationship of tobacco use and alcohol use during treatment to appraisals of quality of life and symptom distress, specifically esophagitis, in the two groups. IV. Evaluate the efficacy of induction therapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin followed by concurrent chemotherapy and hyperfractionated radiotherapy in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label treatment and randomized supportive care study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (II vs IIIA vs IIIB), Karnofsky performance status (90-100% vs 70-80%), and age (70 and under vs over 70). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on days 1 and 22 and over 1 hour weekly for 6 weeks beginning on day 43. Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes immediately after each paclitaxel dose. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously for 10-14 days after each of the first two paclitaxel and carboplatin doses. Radiotherapy begins on day 43 and is administered twice daily for 5 days per week for 6 weeks. Beginning on day 43, patients receive amifostine IV over 5-7 minutes 4 days a week for 6 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive treatment as in arm I without amifostine. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, before chemoradiation (after 2 courses of induction chemotherapy), the last week of chemoradiation (week 6), and at the 6-week follow-up visit. Patients are followed at 1 month, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 244 patients (122 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 38 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed unresectable stage II, IIIA, or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer No distant metastases No prior complete (or gross subtotal) tumor resection No post-resection intrathoracic tumor recurrence Pleural effusion seen on a chest x-ray allowed only if appearing after thoracotomy or other invasive thoracic procedure (pleural effusion acceptable if seen only on CT scan, not on chest x-ray) Must be ineligible or refused participation in protocol RTOG-9309

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count at least 2,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 8.0 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL* SGOT no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal* * Unless due to documented benign disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months No symptomatic heart disease, including angina, congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmias Other: No weight loss of greater than 5% in 3 months prior to diagnosis No other prior or concurrent invasive malignancy within the past 3 years except nonmelanomatous skin cancer Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior thoracic or neck radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003313

  Show 264 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Study Chair: Benjamin Movsas, MD Fox Chase Cancer Center
  More Information

Movsas B, Moughan J, Langer C, et al.: Randomized trial of amifostine in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients receiving chemotherapy and hyperfractionated radiation (HRT): long-term survival results of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9801. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-7529, 2007.
Nicolaou N, Moughan J, Sarna L, et al.: Quality of life (QOL) supercedes the classic predictors of survival in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): an analysis of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9801. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 69 (3 Suppl): A-103, S58-59, 2007.
Sarna L, Swann S, Langer C, et al.: Is there a "disconnect" between physician and patient - reported outcomes (PROs): an analysis of RTOG 98-01. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 66 (3 Suppl 1): A-2595, S541, 2006.
Werner-Wasik M, Scott C, Movsas B, et al.: Amifostine as mucosal protectant in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving intensive chemotherapy and thoracic radiotherapy (RT): results of the radiation therapy oncology group (RTOG) 98-01 study. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 57 (2 Suppl): S216, 2003.
Langer CJ, Swann S, Curran W, et al.: Reassessing prognostic factors in the era of combined modality therapy for locally advanced NSCLC: a retrospective analysis of RTOG 9410 and 9801. [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 63 (2 Suppl 1): A-65, S39, 2005.
Machtay M, Swann S, Komaki R, et al.: What is the meaning of local-regional control after chemoradiation for locally advanced NSCLC? An RTOG analysis. [Abstract] Lung Cancer 50 (Suppl 2): A-O-041, S17, 2005.
Sause W, Scott C, Byhardt R, et al.: Combined chemotheray radiation therapy treatment in unresected non-small cell lung cancer: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) experience. Lung Cancer 29(suppl 2): 2000.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003313     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG-9801
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: November 19, 2014

Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
oral complications
drug/agent toxicity by tissue/organ
radiation toxicity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Radiation Injuries
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Wounds and Injuries
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017