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SU-101 Compared With Procarbazine in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003293
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2004
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether SU-101 is more effective than procarbazine in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of SU-101 with that of procarbazine in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme that has recurred.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: leflunomide Drug: procarbazine hydrochloride Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the median survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme in first relapse treated with intravenous leflunomide (SU101) administered as a loading dose with weekly maintenance therapy versus oral, single-agent procarbazine administered daily for 28 days every 56 days. II. Compare the median time to progression for these regimens in these patients. III. Assess the objective response of these patients. IV. Assess the safety of SU101 given on this schedule. V. Describe the health-related quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status (Karnofsky 60-80% vs 90-100%), age (less than 50 vs 50 and over), and time from initial diagnosis to recurrence (6 months or greater vs less than 6 months). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive leflunomide (SU101) IV over 6 hours daily on days 1-4, again 4-8 days later, and weekly thereafter for a total of 4 loading dose infusions and six maintenance infusions in course 1. Patients receive 7 weekly maintenance infusions of SU101 in courses thereafter. Treatment repeats every 8 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive procarbazine orally once or twice daily for 4 weeks. Treatment is repeated every 8 weeks. All patients complete a health-related quality-of-life questionnaire every 8 weeks and at study withdrawal. Treatment courses continue up to a maximum of 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Patients are followed every 2 months, beginning 30 days after study completion.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 380 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study of SU101 Versus Procarbazine for Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme in First Relapse
Study Start Date : February 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven refractory or recurrent supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme Bidimensionally measurable, enhancing residual disease by T1-weighted gadolinium-enhanced MRI required within 15 days prior to treatment Stable dose of corticosteroids required for at least 7 days prior to scan

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL without blood transfusions for 15 days prior to treatment Hepatic: AST/SGOT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Bilirubin less than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min Other: Not allergic to etoposide Effective contraception required of fertile patients Negative serum pregnancy test required of fertile women No other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior leflunomide (SU101) therapy No more than one prior single-agent or combination systemic chemotherapy regimen for initial disease Radiosensitizer(s) concurrent with radiotherapy allowed in addition to chemotherapy for primary disease At least 6 weeks since nitrosourea or mitomycin At least 2 weeks since vincristine No prior single-agent procarbazine At least 4 weeks since other chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy agents Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormone therapy (except medroxyprogesterone acetate for appetite stimulation) Less than 4 weeks of prior hormonal therapy (tamoxifen or retinoids) if failed one prior chemotherapy regimen Radiotherapy: Prior conventional radiotherapy for initial disease required No more than one prior course of radiotherapy At least 8 weeks since radiotherapy No prior interstitial radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Maximally feasible resection for initial disease required No more than two resections permitted At least 1 week since surgery and/or biopsy for disease No prior interstitial radiotherapy or implanted BCNU-wafers No concurrent surgery (including resection, stereotactic surgery or interstitial implants) Other: No concurrent investigational agent At least 4 weeks since prior investigational agent At least 1 week since cholestyramine or monoamine oxidase inhibitors

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003293

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Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Chair: Alison L. Hannah, MBBS SUGEN
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Responsible Party: Pfizer Identifier: NCT00003293    
Other Study ID Numbers: SUGEN-SU101.015
First Posted: June 3, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents